|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally hairy, generally taprooted
Stem prostrate to erect
Leaves simple to pinnately compound, basal or cauline, alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme (generally raceme-like and coiled) or flowers solitary
Flower bisexual, generally radial; calyx lobes generally 5, generally fused at base, generally persistent, enlarging in fruit; corolla generally deciduous, rotate to cylindric, lobes generally 5, appendages in pairs on tube between filaments or 0; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, filament base sometimes appendaged, appendages scale-like; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, placentas 2, parietal, enlarged into chamber, sometimes meeting so ovary appears 25-chambered, styles 12, stigmas generally head-like
Fruit: capsule, generally loculicidal; valves generally 2
Genera in family: 20 genera, 300 species: especially w US; some cultivated (Emmenanthe, Nemophila, Phacelia )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to be included in an expanded Boraginaceae (also including Lennoaceae) [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531553; Olmstead et al. 2000 Mol Phylog Evol 16:96112]
Stem erect; bark shredding
Leaves simple, cauline, alternate, leathery; upper surface glabrous, shiny, sticky, or tomentose; lower surface tomentose
Inflorescence generally open, terminal
Flower: corolla funnel- to bell-shaped, white, lavender, or purple, hairy outside; stamens included, filaments generally hairy; ovary chambers 2, styles 2, generally hairy
Fruit 13 mm wide; valves 4
Seeds striate, dark brown or black
Species in genus: 9 species: sw US, Mex
Etymology: (Greek: woolly net, from undersurface of some leaves)
Reference: [Hannan 1988 Amer J Bot 75:579588]
Stem 13 m; twigs densely hairy to tomentose
Leaf 317 cm, 16 cm wide, lance-ovate to oblong, short-petioled, entire to toothed, sparsely hairy to white-tomentose above, tomentose below
Flower: calyx lobes 26 mm, densely hairy; corolla 516 mm, lavender, densely hairy; styles 38 mm
Ecology: Slopes, roadsides, washes, river bottoms, mesas
Elevation: 302500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Tehachapi Mountain Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges, San Gabriel Mountains, Peninsular Ranges.Lf hairiness variable; vars. not easily distinguished.
Leaf: surfaces white tomentose
Ecology: Habitats of sp.
Elevation: 301600 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges, San Gabriel Mountains, Peninsular Ranges
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN, DRY or IRR: 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; INV; STBL.