Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

    THIS PAGE IS NO LONGER UPDATED
    AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

HALORAGACEAE

WATER-MILFOIL FAMILY

Elizabeth McClintock

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally monoecious, generally aquatic
Leaves cauline, opposite, alternate, or whorled; submersed blades with pinnate, thread-like divisions; aerial leaves simple, entire to divided
Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, or spike; flowers 1 or clustered, short-pedicelled to ± sessile
Flower generally unisexual (bisexual in Haloragis ), small, biradial; calyx tube short, fused to ovary, lobes 2–4; petals generally 2–4; stamens 4 or 8, filaments generally short; ovary inferior, chambers 1–4, styles 2–4, separate, stigmas generally plumose
Fruit fleshy or nut-like, dehiscent or not
Seeds generally 1 per chamber
Genera in family: 6–8 genera, ± 100 species: especially s hemisphere, some cultivated.

MYRIOPHYLLUM

WATER-MILFOIL

Perennial from rhizomes, sometimes with overwintering bulblets, generally monoecious
Stems simple or branched, generally open, generally green
Leaves: submersed leaves whorled, 3–6 per node, pinnate divisions thread-like; emergent leaves opposite, leaf- or bract-like, entire to pinnately divided
Inflorescence spike-like, terminal, or flowers clustered, axillary, generally emergent
Flower unisexual; lower pistillate; middle sometimes bisexual; upper staminate; calyx lobes 4; petals generally 4, ephemeral on staminate flowers, minute or 0 on pistillate flowers; stamens generally 8; ovary 4-chambered, stigma plumose
Fruit: segments 4, nut-like
Seed 1 per chamber
Species in genus: ± 40 species: worldwide
Etymology: (Greek: many leaves, from leaf divisions)
Reference: [Aiken & McNeill 1980 J Linn Soc Bot 80:213–222]

Native

M. verticillatum L.

Monoecious; bulblets sometimes present
Stem > 2.5 m
Leaves: submersed leaves < 2.5 cm; midrib and divisions linear; divisions < 10 mm, 18–34 per leaf
Inflorescence: spike, 5–12 cm, emergent; leaves 3–8(10) mm, lower >> flowers, upper 2–3 X > flowers
Ecology: Lakes, marshes
Elevation: < 1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, n High Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, eastern US, Eurasia
Horticultural information: TRY.

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for MYRIOPHYLLUM%20verticillatum being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Myriophyllum verticillatum
Retrieve dichotomous key for Myriophyllum
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page
Glossary


University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California