Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Annual, perennial herb, or ± woody, generally hairy
Leaves simple to compound, basal and cauline; cauline alternate or opposite, stipules present
Inflorescence: cyme or umbel
Flower bisexual, radial or ± bilateral; sepals 5, free, overlapping in bud; petals 5, free, with nectar glands at base; stamens generally 5 or 10; staminodes scale-like or 0; pistil 5-lobed, chambers 5, placentas axile, styles 5, fused to axis, columnar in fruit, stigmas atop axis 5, free
Fruit: segments 5, dry, 1–2-seeded, separating from each other and then from column; fruit body dehiscent on 1 side or not; part of style persistent atop ovary and separating with it, curved to tightly coiled when dry
Genera in family: 14 genera, ± 750 species: temp, ± tropical. Some cultivated for ornamental, perfume oils
Reference: [Robertson 1972 J Arnold Arbor 53:182–201]
Family description, key to genera by M.S. Taylor.



Mary Susan Taylor

Annual, perennial herb
Leaves palmately lobed or divided; upper alternate or opposite; blade generally round in outline, base generally cordate, ± hairy
Inflorescence: cyme; flowers (1)2
Flower: sepals awned or not; stamens 10, outer 5 opposite petals, inner 5 alternate petals
Fruit: body dehiscent, generally ovoid, 1–2-seeded, base rounded; style column narrowed at top below free stigmas, forming a beak in fruit; part of style persistent to fruit body glabrous to puberulent on side facing column
Species in genus: 250–300 species: temp, tropical mtns
Etymology: (Greek: crane, from beak-like fruit)
Reference: [Jones & Jones 1943 Rhodora 45:5–26;32–53]
Some ornamental, cultivated for oils. Native per (especially G. californicum, G. richardsonii ) vary regionally, are often difficult to separate, need further study.


G. viscosissimum Fisch. & C.A. Mey.

Stem ascending to erect, 3–8 dm, sparsely hairy to glandular
Leaves: lower 10–30 cm; blades 3–10 cm wide, dissected into 5–7 broadly wedge- to diamond-shaped segments, upper half of segment lobed
Flower: pedicel generally 2–4 cm; sepals 8–12 mm, awned; petals 12–20 cm, pink to red-purple, veins red to purple, basal 1/5–1/3 soft-hairy
Fruit: body 4–6 mm, ± glandular puberulent; style column 25–30 mm, beak 3–5 mm
Seed pitted
Ecology: Meadows, open sites in sagebrush scrub, coniferous forest
Elevation: 1000–2500 m.
Bioregional distribution: eastern Klamath Ranges (Quartz Valley), Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Rocky Mtns
Synonyms: G. nervosum Rydb., G. attenuilobum G.N. Jones & F.L. Jones

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