|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual, perennial herb
Stem decumbent to erect, < 2 m
Leaves simple, cauline (sometimes also basal), opposite or whorled, entire, sessile or basal ± petioled; stipules 0
Flower bisexual, radial, parts in 4's or 5's, except pistil 1; sepals fused, persistent; petals fused, persistent or deciduous, corolla generally without fringes or scales on inner surface, sinuses between lobes generally unappendaged; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, often intruding
Fruit: capsule, 2-valved
Genera in family: ± 80 genera, 900 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Eustoma , Exacum , Gentiana )
Reference: [Wood & Weaver 1982 J Arnold Arbor 63:441487]
Annual, perennial herb, generally glabrous
Stem generally simple below inflorescence
Leaves cauline, opposite (sometimes also basal)
Inflorescence: compact cyme or flowers solitary
Flower parts in 4's or 5's; calyx tube obvious; corolla tube narrowly bell-shaped, lobes spreading, < tube, scales 0, sinuses between lobes ± truncate, unappendaged or generally with a variously shaped, sometimes fringed appendage, nectary pits 0 (nectaries on ovary stalk); ovary stalked, style short or indistinct, stigma 2-branched
Species in genus: ± 300 species: temp to subarctic and alpine Am, Eurasia
Etymology: (Gentius, king of ancient Illyria, who might have found medicinal value in the plants)
Stems from caudex, ± decumbent, 2many, 545 cm
Leaves: basal ± 0; cauline many, ± evenly spaced, generally > 1 X internodes, 850 mm, 630 mm wide, ovate to nearly round, obtuse to acute, generally obscurely, minutely dentate, not ciliate
Inflorescences generally terminal (sometimes also at 13 upper nodes); flowers 1few per inflorescence
Flower: calyx 1020 mm, lobes narrowly to widely ovate, generally > 2 mm wide, sometimes much reduced, obtuse to acute, generally obscurely, minutely dentate, not ciliate; corolla 2550 mm, deep blue, rarely violet, lobes 5.513 mm, oblong-ovate to round, short-acuminate, sinus appendages divided < 1/2 way to base into generally 2 triangular parts, each thread-like only toward tip
Ecology: Wet mtn meadows, slopes
Elevation: 13003900 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Montana
Hybridizes with G. newberryi var. tiogana in s SNH (Tulare Co.).
Horticultural information: IRR, DRN, acidic: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 16, 17 &SHD: 14, 15; DFCLT.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|