Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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Thomas F. Daniel

Shrub, small tree, dioecious
Leaves simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade ± leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy
Inflorescence catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts
Staminate flowers (1–)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered
Pistillate flowers (1–)3 per bract; pedicel ± 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3)
Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, becoming dark blue, black, or whitish gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent
Seeds generally 2
Genera in family: 1 genus, 14 species: w US, C.Am, Caribbean; some cultivated
Reference: [Dahling 1978 Contr Gray Herb 209:1–104]



Etymology: (N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson Bay Co., friend of David Douglas, 1782?–1856)
Intergradation among CA species suggests some may be unworthy of that status.


G. fremontii Torr.

Shrub < 3 m
Leaf 21–120 mm, 11–70 mm wide, 1.3–2.4 X longer than wide, generally flat, ovate- to obovate-elliptic; margin flat; lower surface hairs 0, rarely sparse, straight to ± wavy, appressed toward leaf tip on young leaves
Fruit: hairs 0 (sometimes sparse near tip)
Ecology: Chaparral, foothill woodland, montane forest
Elevation: 300–2300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, n&c High Sierra Nevada, Sacramento Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Peninsular Ranges, Warner Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Washington, w Nevada
Horticultural information: DRN: 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17 &IRR: 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, 22, 23 &SHD: 9, 18, 19, 20, 21.

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bioregional map for GARRYA%20fremontii being generated
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Garrya fremontii
Retrieve dichotomous key for Garrya
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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