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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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GARRYACEAE

SILK TASSEL FAMILY

Thomas F. Daniel

Shrub, small tree, dioecious
Leaves simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade ± leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy
Inflorescence catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts
Staminate flowers (1–)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered
Pistillate flowers (1–)3 per bract; pedicel ± 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3)
Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, becoming dark blue, black, or whitish gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent
Seeds generally 2
Genera in family: 1 genus, 14 species: w US, C.Am, Caribbean; some cultivated
Reference: [Dahling 1978 Contr Gray Herb 209:1–104]

GARRYA

SILK TASSEL BUSH


Etymology: (N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson Bay Co., friend of David Douglas, 1782?–1856)
Intergradation among CA species suggests some may be unworthy of that status.

Native

G. elliptica Lindl.

Shrub, small tree, < 8 m
Leaf 18–107 mm, 14–72 mm wide, 1.2–2.6 X longer than wide, flat to ± concave-convex, elliptic; margin slightly to strongly wavy, often rolled under and appearing crenate or dentate; lower surface hairs dense, curly-wavy, interwoven, becoming sparse or not
Inflorescence in fruit 18–28 mm wide
Pistillate flowers (1–)3 per bract
Fruit: hairs dense
Chromosomes: 2n=22
Ecology: Seacliffs, sand dunes, chaparral, foothill-pine woodland
Elevation: < 800 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Outer North Coast Ranges, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, Sacramento Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges
Distribution outside California: w Oregon
Horticultural information: DRN: 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17; IRR: 7, 24 &SHD: 8, 9, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23; MALE CVS.

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