Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

FRANKENIACEAE

FRANKENIA FAMILY

R. John Little

Subshrubs, shrubs, generally from rhizome; salt-secreting glands present
Stem prostrate to erect, nodes swollen, often rooting; petioles or dead leaves persisting on older stems
Leaves opposite, 4-ranked, ± clustered; blade entire, generally leathery or fleshy, glabrous to hairy, margins rolled under
Inflorescence: cyme, axillary; flowers 1–25
Flower generally bisexual, radial; sepals 4–7, fused; petals 4–7, free, overlapping, clawed (together appearing salverform), white to blue-purple, petal blade with a scale-like appendage near base; stamens 3–12 in two whorls, outer shorter; ovary superior, chambers 1–4, style branches 1–4; ovules 1–many
Fruit: loculicidal capsule
Seed ivory to golden-brown
Genera in family: 1 genus, 90 species: temp saline and gypsum soils
Reference: [Whalen 1987 Syst Bot Monogr 17:1–93]

FRANKENIA

FRANKENIA


Etymology: (Possibly named for J. Franke, Swedish botanist born 1590 or for Johann Frankenius, colleague of Linnaeus)

Native

F. palmeri S. Watson

PALMER'S FRANKENIA

Shrub 1–10 dm diam
Stem decumbent, 1–3 dm; twig generally with scattered hairs
Leaf sparsely to densely hairy
Inflorescences in few uppermost axils
Flower: calyx tube 3–5 mm; petals 3–4 mm, white, lower half often pink; stamens generally 4, 4–9 mm; style branches generally 2
Fruit 2–2.5 mm
Seed 1, 1.4–2 mm, ovoid-conic
Ecology: Alkali flats, coastal marshes, dunes
Elevation: < 450 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast (sw San Diego Co.)
Distribution outside California: n Mexico
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for FRANKENIA%20palmeri being generated
 


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