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©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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FOUQUIERIACEAE

OCOTILLO FAMILY

William J. Stone

Shrubs, trees, spiny
Stem branched near base, or trunk single, thick, fleshy
Leaves simple, alternate, small, somewhat fleshy, glabrous, of 2 types: primary soon deciduous after rains, petiole long, it and midrib develop into persistent spine after blade drops; secondary leaves clustered in axil of developing spine
Inflorescence: spike, raceme, or panicle, terminal; flowers many
Flower showy; sepals 5, unequal, overlapping, persistent; corolla tube cylindric, lobes 5, spreading, bright red or yellow; stamens 10–20, in 1–2 whorls, filaments free, epipetalous; pistil 1, ovary superior, incompletely 3-chambered, placenta axile at base, parietal above, ovules 3–6 per chamber
Fruit: capsule
Seeds elliptic, angled
Genera in family: 1 genus (includes Idria), 11 species: sw US, Mex
Reference: [Henrickson 1972 Aliso 7:439–537]

FOUQUIERIA

OCOTILLO, CANDLEWOOD, BOOJUM


Etymology: (P.E. Fouquier, French professor of medicine)

Native

F. splendens Engelm. subsp. splendens

OCOTILLO


Stems branched near base, erect to outwardly arching or ascending, 6–100, 2–10 m, generally < 6 cm diam, cane-like, leafless most of year; bark gray with darker furrows; spines 1–4 cm
Leaves: primary 1–5 cm, petioles 1–2.5 cm; secondary 2–6 per cluster, 1–2 cm, 4–9 mm wide, petioles 2–8 mm, blade spoon-shaped to obovate, tip rounded to notched
Inflorescence: panicle, generally 10–20 cm, widely to narrowly conic
Flower: corolla 1.8–2.5 cm, bright red
Fruit ± 2 cm
Chromosomes: 2n=24
Ecology: Dry, generally rocky soils
Elevation: 0–700 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sonoran Desert
Distribution outside California: to Texas, c Mexico, Baja California
Flowering time: Mar–Jul
Sts used for fences, huts; bark for waxes, gums
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY: 10, 11, 12, 13, 19, 20, 21.

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bioregional map for FOUQUIERIA%20splendens%20subsp.%20splendens being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens
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