|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual to tree
Leaves generally compound, alternate, stipuled; leaflets generally entire
Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, umbel or head; flowers sometime 12 in axils
Flowers generally bisexual, generally bilateral; hypanthium generally flat or cup-like; sepals generally 5, fused; petals generally 5, free, or the 2 lower ± fused; stamens 1many, often 10 with 9 filaments at least partly fused, 1 (uppermost) free; pistil 1, ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, ovules 1many, style, stigma 1
Fruit: legume, sometimes including a stalk-like base above receptacle, dehiscent, or indehiscent and breaking into 1-seeded segments, or indehiscent, 1-seeded, and achene-like
Seeds 1several, often ± reniform, generally hard, smooth
Genera in family: ± 650 genera, 18,000 species: worldwide; with grasses, requisite in agriculture and most natural ecosystems. Many cultivated, most importantly Arachis , peanut; Glycine , soybean; Phaseolus , beans; Medicago ; Trifolium ; and many orns
Reference: [Polhill & Raven (eds) 1981 Advances in legume systematics; Allen & Allen 1981 Leguminosae]
Family description and key to genera by Duane Isely.
Perennial, unarmed, gland-dotted (especially leaves), hairy or not, caudexed, rhizomed, or stoloned; roots deep, woody, extensive
Stem ± decumbent at base or erect
Leaves odd-1-pinnate, cauline; stipules reflexed, deciduous; leaflets 3
Inflorescence: raceme, generally axillary, with 1 deciduous bract and 23 flowers per node
Flower pedicelled; calyx base swollen on top, tube enlarging in fruit; corolla yellowish white to yellow; 9 filaments fused, 1 less so or free; ovary ± hairy, ovule 1, style tip bent, stigma head-like
Fruit indehiscent, elliptic to depressed-obovate in outline, beaked or not
Seed reniform, smooth
Species in genus: 3 species: w North America, especially CA
Etymology: (Rupert C. Barneby, botanist, 19112000)
Reference: [Grimes 1990 Mem New York Bot Gard 61:1114]
Plant hairy or notSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem erect, < 1 m
Leaf: stipule 1315 mm, widely elliptic to obtriangular; petiole 1030 mm; main axis 22.8 cm; leaflets 49 cm, lanceolate to widely ovate, with glands but no hairs on both surfaces
Inflorescence: bract 913 mm, tardily deciduous; pedicel 2 mm
Flower: calyx 1415 mm; banner 1112 mm
Fruit 710 mm, elliptic, with hairs and sparse, minute, golden glands that fade with age; beak 13 mm, widely attached
Seed 67 mm, red-brown
Ecology: Very uncommon. Woodland openings
Elevation: < 2250 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sierra Nevada Foothills (Butte, Tehama cos.)
Synonyms: Hoita h. Rydb
Horticultural information: TRY.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|