|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves generally compound, alternate, stipuled; leaflets generally entire
Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, umbel or head; flowers sometime 12 in axils
Flowers generally bisexual, generally bilateral; hypanthium generally flat or cup-like; sepals generally 5, fused; petals generally 5, free, or the 2 lower ± fused; stamens 1many, often 10 with 9 filaments at least partly fused, 1 (uppermost) free; pistil 1, ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, ovules 1many, style, stigma 1
Fruit: legume, sometimes including a stalk-like base above receptacle, dehiscent, or indehiscent and breaking into 1-seeded segments, or indehiscent, 1-seeded, and achene-like
Seeds 1several, often ± reniform, generally hard, smooth
Genera in family: ± 650 genera, 18,000 species: worldwide; with grasses, requisite in agriculture and most natural ecosystems. Many cultivated, most importantly Arachis , peanut; Glycine , soybean; Phaseolus , beans; Medicago ; Trifolium ; and many orns
Reference: [Polhill & Raven (eds) 1981 Advances in legume systematics; Allen & Allen 1981 Leguminosae]
Family description and key to genera by Duane Isely.
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, unarmed
Leaves generally odd-1-pinnate (sometimes ± palmately compound, rarely some or most simple); stipules conspicuous or not; leaflets 3many, often irregularly arranged
Inflorescence: umbel or 12-flowered, axillary, generally peduncled, often bracted
Flower: corolla generally yellow (sometimes white or pink), fading darker; 9 filaments fused, 1 free
Fruit dehiscent or not, exserted from calyx or not, ovoid to oblong, ± beaked
Etymology: (Greek: derivation unclear)
Reference: [Isely 1981 Mem New York Bot Garden 25:128206]
Spp. generally variable; intermediates may be hybrids. Key below separates natural groups.
Perennial (sometimes ± woody), hairy, silvery or gray
Stem prostrate to erect
Leaf irregularly pinnate to ± palmate; stipules not leaflet-like; leaflets 37, 612 mm, obovate to elliptic-lanceolate, densely silky, hairs straight, ultimately wavy or tangled
Inflorescence head-like, 4many-flowered; peduncle sometimes ± 0, sometimes bracted
Flower: calyx 48 mm, lobes < or ± = tube, densely hairy; corolla 612 mm
Fruit indehiscent, including except for curved beak
Seed generally 1
Ecology: Chaparral, canyons, openings in woodlands
Elevation: < 1600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sierra Nevada (except Tehachapi Mountain Area), South Coast Ranges, South Coast, San Gabriel Mountains, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges, Channel Islands.Also dry, open slopes, bluffs; < 400 m. ChI. Major vars. geog distinct; mainland vars. intergrade with related species
Plant ± woodySee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem generally ascending, not densely leafy
Inflorescences congested at stem tips, ± sessile
Flower: calyx lobes 2.55 mm
Ecology: Rocky slopes, dry riverbeds
Elevation: < 300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Channel Islands (Santa Cruz Island)
Synonyms: subsp. n. (Greene) Munz
Horticultural information: In cultivation.