|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves generally compound, alternate, stipuled; leaflets generally entire
Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, umbel or head; flowers sometime 12 in axils
Flowers generally bisexual, generally bilateral; hypanthium generally flat or cup-like; sepals generally 5, fused; petals generally 5, free, or the 2 lower ± fused; stamens 1many, often 10 with 9 filaments at least partly fused, 1 (uppermost) free; pistil 1, ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, ovules 1many, style, stigma 1
Fruit: legume, sometimes including a stalk-like base above receptacle, dehiscent, or indehiscent and breaking into 1-seeded segments, or indehiscent, 1-seeded, and achene-like
Seeds 1several, often ± reniform, generally hard, smooth
Genera in family: ± 650 genera, 18,000 species: worldwide; with grasses, requisite in agriculture and most natural ecosystems. Many cultivated, most importantly Arachis , peanut; Glycine , soybean; Phaseolus , beans; Medicago ; Trifolium ; and many orns
Reference: [Polhill & Raven (eds) 1981 Advances in legume systematics; Allen & Allen 1981 Leguminosae]
Family description and key to genera by Duane Isely.
Annual or perennial herb from crown, glabrous to hairy; hairs sometimes forked at base, branches parallel with leaf surface, sometimes very unequal
Stem 0 or prostrate to erect
Leaves odd-1-pinnate; leaflets generally jointed to midrib; stipules membranous, sometimes fused around stem at stem base
Inflorescence: raceme, axillary, sometimes head- or umbel-like; flowers 2many
Flower bilateral; calyx 5-lobed; banner outside wings in bud, keel blades with small protrusion at base locking into pit on adjacent wing; 9 filaments fused, 1 free; ovary (and fruit) generally sessile, style slender, stigma minute
Fruit generally 1- or ± 2-chambered, often mottled, generally becoming ± dry; placenta on upper suture
Seeds 2many, smooth, compressed, ± notched at attachment scar
Species in genus: > 2000 species: ± worldwide (380 in North America, 94 in CA including many rare taxa)
Etymology: (Greek: ankle-bone or dice, perhaps from rattling of seeds within fruit)
Reference: [Barneby 1964 Mem NY Bot Gard 20:11188; Isely 1986 Iowa State J Res 61:157289]
Very difficult; both flower and fruit needed for identification; many good species appear similar; some species complexes need study. Taxa near province boundaries may appear in > 1 key. Varieties keyed under species for simplicity; species with vars. so identified in key. Fr length includes beak and any stalk-like base unless fruit body specified.
Perennial, sparsely to densely cespitose; herbage hairs generally 12.3 mm, extremely fine, cottony, entangled, silvery or gray
Stem 014 cm
Leaf 115 cm; leaflets 317, 220 mm, narrowly elliptic to ± round, tips blunt to notched
Inflorescence ± among leaves; flowers 111, ascending
Flower: petals white, cream, pink-purple, or purple, banner 926 mm, recurved ± 40°, keel 821.2 mm
Fruit ascending, 727 mm, 413 mm wide, ovoid or widely lanceolate in side view; hairs generally very dense, generally 1.55 mm, white (fruit resembling a cotton boll), all ± wavy or all straight; chambers 1 or 2
Ecology: Dry flats, slopes
Elevation: 4503350 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi Mountain Area, Inner South Coast Ranges, Western Transverse Ranges, San Bernardino Mountains, Great Basin Floristic Province, Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: to Canada, ND, Colorado
Locally and regionally variable. Like A. newberryi var. n. (which has longer, ± straight, partly spreading hairs).
Stem 01 cm
Leaf 1.515 cm; leaflets 517, 210 mm
Inflorescence: flowers 16
Flower: calyx 1219 mm; petals white or cream, sometimes pale lilac-tipped, banner 1926 mm, keel 1521.2 mm
Fruit 1327 mm, 513 mm wide, straight or curved near tip; chamber 1; immature seeds 2034
Ecology: Dry flats, often with sagebrush
Elevation: 10502100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to sw Canada, ND, Colorado
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY: 1, 16; DFCLT.