|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves generally compound, alternate, stipuled; leaflets generally entire
Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, umbel or head; flowers sometime 12 in axils
Flowers generally bisexual, generally bilateral; hypanthium generally flat or cup-like; sepals generally 5, fused; petals generally 5, free, or the 2 lower ± fused; stamens 1many, often 10 with 9 filaments at least partly fused, 1 (uppermost) free; pistil 1, ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, ovules 1many, style, stigma 1
Fruit: legume, sometimes including a stalk-like base above receptacle, dehiscent, or indehiscent and breaking into 1-seeded segments, or indehiscent, 1-seeded, and achene-like
Seeds 1several, often ± reniform, generally hard, smooth
Genera in family: ± 650 genera, 18,000 species: worldwide; with grasses, requisite in agriculture and most natural ecosystems. Many cultivated, most importantly Arachis , peanut; Glycine , soybean; Phaseolus , beans; Medicago ; Trifolium ; and many orns
Reference: [Polhill & Raven (eds) 1981 Advances in legume systematics; Allen & Allen 1981 Leguminosae]
Family description and key to genera by Duane Isely.
Annual or perennial herb from crown, glabrous to hairy; hairs sometimes forked at base, branches parallel with leaf surface, sometimes very unequal
Stem 0 or prostrate to erect
Leaves odd-1-pinnate; leaflets generally jointed to midrib; stipules membranous, sometimes fused around stem at stem base
Inflorescence: raceme, axillary, sometimes head- or umbel-like; flowers 2many
Flower bilateral; calyx 5-lobed; banner outside wings in bud, keel blades with small protrusion at base locking into pit on adjacent wing; 9 filaments fused, 1 free; ovary (and fruit) generally sessile, style slender, stigma minute
Fruit generally 1- or ± 2-chambered, often mottled, generally becoming ± dry; placenta on upper suture
Seeds 2many, smooth, compressed, ± notched at attachment scar
Species in genus: > 2000 species: ± worldwide (380 in North America, 94 in CA including many rare taxa)
Etymology: (Greek: ankle-bone or dice, perhaps from rattling of seeds within fruit)
Reference: [Barneby 1964 Mem NY Bot Gard 20:11188; Isely 1986 Iowa State J Res 61:157289]
Very difficult; both flower and fruit needed for identification; many good species appear similar; some species complexes need study. Taxa near province boundaries may appear in > 1 key. Varieties keyed under species for simplicity; species with vars. so identified in key. Fr length includes beak and any stalk-like base unless fruit body specified.
Perennial (sometimes flowering first year or annual), moderately leafy, ± glabrous to silvery-strigose
Leaf 115 cm; leaflets linear to widely ± ovate
Inflorescence: flowers 3± 50, ascending or spreading
Flower: petals purplish, cream, whitish, or mixed purplish and whitish, keel 0.650.8 X banner, banner recurved 3050°
Fruit ovoid or spheric, widely grooved above and below, generally ± bladdery, ± papery, deciduous; beak generally triangular, flat; chambers 2 below beak
Ecology: Generally dry, open places
Elevation: -303600 m.
Bioregional distribution: n High Sierra Nevada, s Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi Mountain Area, San Joaquin Valley, San Francisco Bay Area,Inner South Coast Ranges, Great Basin Floristic Province, Desert
Distribution outside California: to Washington, Wyoming, Idaho, Colorado, n Mexico
Highly variable; vars. often very distinct, yet intermediates common; flower, fruit both needed for identification.
Annual or perennial herb, densely or sparsely hairy
Stem decumbent to erect, 15 dm
Leaf 312 cm; leaflets 919, 519 mm, obovate
Inflorescence: flowers 830; axis in fruit 2.516 cm
Flower: petals ± purple, banner 9.112.4 mm, keel 5.68.5 mm
Fruit 1436 mm, 518 mm wide, generally bladdery, thinly papery, glabrous to thinly hairy; beak 210 mm, ± incurved
Ecology: Open sand, gravel
Elevation: 9002900 m.
Bioregional distribution: East of Sierra Nevada, e Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: s Nevada
Flowering time: AprJul, sometimes SepOct
At lower elevations in DMoj. Esp hairy in SNE.