Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

FABACEAE

LEGUME FAMILY

Annual to tree
Leaves generally compound, alternate, stipuled; leaflets generally entire
Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, umbel or head; flowers sometime 1–2 in axils
Flowers generally bisexual, generally bilateral; hypanthium generally flat or cup-like; sepals generally 5, fused; petals generally 5, free, or the 2 lower ± fused; stamens 1–many, often 10 with 9 filaments at least partly fused, 1 (uppermost) free; pistil 1, ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, ovules 1–many, style, stigma 1
Fruit: legume, sometimes including a stalk-like base above receptacle, dehiscent, or indehiscent and breaking into 1-seeded segments, or indehiscent, 1-seeded, and achene-like
Seeds 1–several, often ± reniform, generally hard, smooth
Genera in family: ± 650 genera, 18,000 species: worldwide; with grasses, requisite in agriculture and most natural ecosystems. Many cultivated, most importantly Arachis , peanut; Glycine , soybean; Phaseolus , beans; Medicago ; Trifolium ; and many orns
Reference: [Polhill & Raven (eds) 1981 Advances in legume systematics; Allen & Allen 1981 Leguminosae]
Family description and key to genera by Duane Isely.

ASTRAGALUS

Richard Spellenberg

Annual or perennial herb from crown, glabrous to hairy; hairs sometimes forked at base, branches parallel with leaf surface, sometimes very unequal
Stem 0 or prostrate to erect
Leaves odd-1-pinnate; leaflets generally jointed to midrib; stipules membranous, sometimes fused around stem at stem base
Inflorescence: raceme, axillary, sometimes head- or umbel-like; flowers 2–many
Flower bilateral; calyx 5-lobed; banner outside wings in bud, keel blades with small protrusion at base locking into pit on adjacent wing; 9 filaments fused, 1 free; ovary (and fruit) generally sessile, style slender, stigma minute
Fruit generally 1- or ± 2-chambered, often mottled, generally becoming ± dry; placenta on upper suture
Seeds 2–many, smooth, compressed, ± notched at attachment scar
Species in genus: > 2000 species: ± worldwide (380 in North America, 94 in CA including many rare taxa)
Etymology: (Greek: ankle-bone or dice, perhaps from rattling of seeds within fruit)
Reference: [Barneby 1964 Mem NY Bot Gard 20:1–1188; Isely 1986 Iowa State J Res 61:157–289]
Very difficult; both flower and fruit needed for identification; many good species appear similar; some species complexes need study. Taxa near province boundaries may appear in > 1 key. Varieties keyed under species for simplicity; species with vars. so identified in key. Fr length includes beak and any stalk-like base unless fruit body specified.

Native

A. johannis-howellii Barneby

LONG VALLEY MILKVETCH

Perennial, open and widely branched; hairs ± appressed to ascending
Stem ± prostrate or decumbent, 3–20 cm, slender
Leaf 4–6 cm; lower stipules fused around stem into sheath; leaflets 13–23, 2–6 mm, narrowly obovate, upper surface glabrous
Inflorescence ± among leaves; flowers 6–12, very well separated, reflexed in age
Flower: petals whitish, banner 5–5.5 mm, recurved 90°, keel 3.3–3.9 mm
Fruit pendent; body 7–11 mm, ± 3 mm wide, half-ellipsoid, 3-sided (lower side deeply, openly grooved), thinly papery, minutely strigose; stalk-like base 0.5–2.5 mm; chambers 2
Chromosomes: 2n=22
Ecology: Sandy areas, sagebrush scrub
Elevation: 2150 m.
Bioregional distribution: East of Sierra Nevada (sw Mono Co.)
Flowering time: Jun–Aug
Threatened by grazing, mining.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for ASTRAGALUS%20johannis-howellii being generated
 


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