|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial, shrub, tree
Stem: bark often peeling distinctively
Leaves simple, generally cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0
Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers solitary, generally bracted; pedicels often with 2 bractlets
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals generally 45, generally free; petals generally 45, free or fused; stamens 810, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers awned or not, dehiscent by pores or slits; nectary generally at ovary base, disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 15, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed
Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry
Seeds generally many, sometimes winged
Genera in family: ± 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium
Reference: [Wallace 1975 Wasmann J Biol 33:188; 1975 Bot Not 128:286298]
Subfamilies Monotropoideae, Pyroloideae, Vaccinioideae sometimes treated as families. Nongreen plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates.
Perennial, evergreen, rhizomed
Leaves ± basal, reniform, ovate, ± round, elliptic, or obovate, ± entire to round- or sharp-toothed, petioled
Inflorescence: raceme, symmetric; peduncle smooth, glabrous; bracts generally 1several, ovate or lanceolate
Flower: radial, ± closed or bilateral, ± open, parts in 5's, free; petals without tubercles, upper 2 generally forming hood over upturned stamens; stamens 10, filaments generally widened at base, smooth, glabrous, anther pores generally on tubes; disk 0; ovary superior, style straight, ± included, or downwardly curved, exserted, stigma peltate, with 5 spreading lobes above a prominent, reflexed collar or not peltate, with 5 ± erect lobes projecting beyond a delicate, reflexed collar
Fruit: capsule, pendent; valves opening from base to tip, margins fibrous
Species in genus: ± 1520 species: generally circumboreal, high mtns of C.Am, Sumatra
Etymology: (Latin: little pear, ± from leaf shape)
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf generally < 4 cm, ovate-elliptic, obovate, or reduced, bract-like; veins not white-bordered
Inflorescence < 3 dm (including peduncle); bracts < pedicels, narrowly lanceolate
Flower bilateral, ± open; sepals generally < 1.8 mm, deltate-ovate, ± blunt; petals pale green; anthers 24 mm, pore tubes ± 1/3 as long; style downwardly curved, exserted, stigma lobes ± erect
Ecology: Generally coniferous or mixed forest (no data from 1 CA record)
Elevation: ± 900 m.
Bioregional distribution: n High Sierra Nevada (near Downieville, Sierra Co.)
Distribution outside California: circumboreal, N.America, Eurasia
Synonyms: P. virens Schreb
Possibly extirpated in CA.