Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

    THIS PAGE IS NO LONGER UPDATED
    AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

ERICACEAE

HEATH FAMILY

Gary D. Wallace, except as specified

Perennial, shrub, tree
Stem: bark often peeling distinctively
Leaves simple, generally cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0
Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers solitary, generally bracted; pedicels often with 2 bractlets
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals generally 4–5, generally free; petals generally 4–5, free or fused; stamens 8–10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers awned or not, dehiscent by pores or slits; nectary generally at ovary base, disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1–5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1–many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed
Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry
Seeds generally many, sometimes winged
Genera in family: ± 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium
Reference: [Wallace 1975 Wasmann J Biol 33:1–88; 1975 Bot Not 128:286–298]
Subfamilies Monotropoideae, Pyroloideae, Vaccinioideae sometimes treated as families. Nongreen plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates.

PYROLA

WINTERGREEN, SHINLEAF

Erich Haber

Perennial, evergreen, rhizomed
Leaves ± basal, reniform, ovate, ± round, elliptic, or obovate, ± entire to round- or sharp-toothed, petioled
Inflorescence: raceme, symmetric; peduncle smooth, glabrous; bracts generally 1–several, ovate or lanceolate
Flower: radial, ± closed or bilateral, ± open, parts in 5's, free; petals without tubercles, upper 2 generally forming hood over upturned stamens; stamens 10, filaments generally widened at base, smooth, glabrous, anther pores generally on tubes; disk 0; ovary superior, style straight, ± included, or downwardly curved, exserted, stigma peltate, with 5 spreading lobes above a prominent, reflexed collar or not peltate, with 5 ± erect lobes projecting beyond a delicate, reflexed collar
Fruit: capsule, pendent; valves opening from base to tip, margins fibrous
Species in genus: ± 15–20 species: generally circumboreal, high mtns of C.Am, Sumatra
Etymology: (Latin: little pear, ± from leaf shape)

Native

P. asarifolia Michx.


Leaf < 10 cm; lower surface often purple
Inflorescence < 6 dm including peduncle; bracts generally >> pedicels, ovate
Flower bilateral, ± open; sepals ovate to generally lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, acute to acuminate; petals pink to deep red; anthers 2–3.5 mm, pore tubes < ± 1/5 as long; style downwardly curved, exserted, stigma lobes ± erect
Ecology: Moist to dry forests, wetlands
Elevation: 100–3000 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, e N.America, e Asia
Reference: [Haber 1983 Syst Bot 8:277–298]

Native

subsp. bracteata (Hook.) Haber

LONG-BRACTED WINTERGREEN


Leaf ovate to elliptic, generally sharp-toothed
Inflorescence: bracts generally > 2 X pedicels
Flower: sepals 3–5.8 (generally >> 3.5) mm, oblong-lanceolate; anthers 2.5–3.5 mm
Ecology: Uncommon. Moist to dry forests
Elevation: 100–2000 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, n High Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: to s Alaska, Montana
Synonyms: P. b. Hook
Horticultural information: TRY.

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for PYROLA%20asarifolia%20subsp.%20bracteata being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Pyrola asarifolia subsp. bracteata
Retrieve dichotomous key for Pyrola
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page
Glossary


University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California