Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.

ERICACEAE

HEATH FAMILY

Gary D. Wallace, except as specified

Perennial, shrub, tree
Stem: bark often peeling distinctively
Leaves simple, generally cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0
Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers solitary, generally bracted; pedicels often with 2 bractlets
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals generally 4–5, generally free; petals generally 4–5, free or fused; stamens 8–10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers awned or not, dehiscent by pores or slits; nectary generally at ovary base, disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1–5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1–many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed
Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry
Seeds generally many, sometimes winged
Genera in family: ± 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium
Reference: [Wallace 1975 Wasmann J Biol 33:1–88; 1975 Bot Not 128:286–298]
Subfamilies Monotropoideae, Pyroloideae, Vaccinioideae sometimes treated as families. Nongreen plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates.

ORNITHOSTAPHYLOS


Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (Greek: bird cluster, for obscure reasons)

Native

O. oppositifolia (Parry) Small

BAJA CALIFORNIA BIRDBUSH

Shrub, glabrous to hairy, rigidly branched, burled
Stem erect, < 2 m; bark thin
Leaves opposite to whorled, 2.5–8 cm, 3–6 mm wide, ± linear, evergreen, leathery; margins rolled under
Inflorescence: panicle, bracted; bractlets 2; pedicels not jointed to flower
Flower: sepals (4)5, ± 1/2 fused; petals (4)5, ± 2/3 fused, ± spheric to urn-shaped, white; stamens generally 10, anthers dehiscent by separate gaping slits, awned; ovary superior, chambers 5, placentas axile
Fruit: drupe; stones 5, fused into a unit
Seeds generally 10
Ecology: Chaparral
Elevation: 100–800 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast (San Diego Co.)
Distribution outside California: n Baja California
Horticultural information: In cultivation.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for ORNITHOSTAPHYLOS%20oppositifolia being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Ornithostaphylos oppositifolia
Retrieve dichotomous key for Ornithostaphylos
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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