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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Lincoln Constance

Annual, biennial, perennial herb (rarely shrub, tree), often from taproot
Stem often ± scapose, generally ribbed, hollow
Leaves basal and generally some cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, sometimes compound
Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present (in involucres) or not; bractlets generally present (in involucels)
Flowers many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small, atop ovary; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally ± ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a ± conic, persistent projection or platform on top subtending 2 free styles
Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves that separate from each other but generally remain attached for some time to a central axis; ribs on each half 5, 2 marginal and 3 on back; oil tubes 1–several per interval between ribs
Genera in family: 300 genera, 3,000 species: ± worldwide, especially temp; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); some highly toxic (e.g., Conium). Underground structures here called roots, but true nature remains problematic. Mature fruit generally critical in identification; shapes generally given in outline, followed by shape in X -section of 2 fruit halves together.


Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (P. von Glehn, Russian botanist, 19th century)


G. littoralis (A. Gray) Miq. subsp. leiocarpa (Mathias) Hultén

Perennial, taprooted, low, prostrate or ± spreading, sparsely puberulent to tomentose
Stem ± 0
Leaf fleshy; petiole 2.5–15 cm; blade 2.5–15 cm wide, widely ovate, 1–2-ternate or ternate-pinnate, leaflets 0.5–5 cm wide, ovate, often 3-lobed, serrate, upper surface green and glabrous or becoming glabrous, lower white-tomentose
Inflorescence: umbels compound, peduncled; bracts 0–few; bractlets several, lanceolate, long-acuminate; rays 5–15, 0.5–4.5 cm, stout, hairy; pedicels 0
Flower: calyx lobes minute; petals widely lanceolate, white, tips narrowed; projection atop ovary 0
Fruit 4–12 mm, oblong to round, compressed front-to-back, glabrous to sparsely tomentose; ribs subequal, conspicuously corky-winged; oil tubes per rib-interval several, large; fruit axis divided to base
Seed: face concave
Chromosomes: 2n=22
Ecology: Ocean beaches
Elevation: ± 0 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast
Distribution outside California: to Alaska
Synonyms: G. leiocarpa Mathias
Horticultural information: DRN, IRR, SUN: 5, 17; DFCLT.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for GLEHNIA%20littoralis%20subsp.%20leiocarpa being generated

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