|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to subshrubs, fleshy
Leaves generally simple, generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, generally reduced upward
Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted
Flower: sepals generally 35, generally ± free; petals generally 35, ± free or fused; stamens = to >> sepals, free or epipetalous; pistils generally 35, simple (sometimes fused at base), ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1many, style 1
Fruit: follicles generally 35
Seeds 1many, small
Genera in family: ± 30 genera, ± 1500 species: ± worldwide, especially dry temp; many cultivated for ornamental. Family description and generic key by Melinda F. Denton and Reid Moran.
Perennial, fleshy, glabrous
Stem generally caudex or corm-like, generally vertical, branched or not, generally covered with dried leaves or leaf bases
Leaves in basal rosettes, evergreen vernal and ephemeral
Inflorescence: cyme, axillary, 1-sided; bracts leaf-like, alternate
Flower: sepals 5, fused below; petals 5, fused at base, erect to spreading above; stamens 10, epipetalous; pistils 5, ± fused below
Fruit: follicles 5, erect to spreading, many-seeded
Seed < 1 mm, narrowly ovoid, brown, striate
Species in genus: ± 45 species: sw North America
Etymology: (W.R. Dudley, western US botanist, 18491911)
Reference: [Moran in Jacobsen 1960 Handb Succ Plant:344359]
Unopened follicles generally most reliable for posture (erect, spreading, etc.).
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem corm-like, 1.55 cm, 318 mm wide, simple, oblong
Leaf 415 cm, 26 mm wide, linear, cylindric except at base; base 410 mm wide; tip narrowly acute
Inflorescence: 1° branches 2many, simple or forked 1 X ; peduncle 535 cm, 24 mm wide; terminal branches 210 cm, 315-flowered; pedicel 03 mm
Flower: sepals 23 mm, deltate-acute; petals 59 mm, 23 mm wide, fused 12 mm, elliptic-lanceolate, acute, yellow
Fruit: follicles spreading
Ecology: Heavy soils, often clayey, coastal plain
Elevation: < 600 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast (Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Diego, San Bernardino cos.)
Horticultural information: In cultivation.