|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to subshrubs, fleshy
Leaves generally simple, generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, generally reduced upward
Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted
Flower: sepals generally 35, generally ± free; petals generally 35, ± free or fused; stamens = to >> sepals, free or epipetalous; pistils generally 35, simple (sometimes fused at base), ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1many, style 1
Fruit: follicles generally 35
Seeds 1many, small
Genera in family: ± 30 genera, ± 1500 species: ± worldwide, especially dry temp; many cultivated for ornamental. Family description and generic key by Melinda F. Denton and Reid Moran.
Perennial, fleshy, glabrous
Stem generally caudex or corm-like, generally vertical, branched or not, generally covered with dried leaves or leaf bases
Leaves in basal rosettes, evergreen vernal and ephemeral
Inflorescence: cyme, axillary, 1-sided; bracts leaf-like, alternate
Flower: sepals 5, fused below; petals 5, fused at base, erect to spreading above; stamens 10, epipetalous; pistils 5, ± fused below
Fruit: follicles 5, erect to spreading, many-seeded
Seed < 1 mm, narrowly ovoid, brown, striate
Species in genus: ± 45 species: sw North America
Etymology: (W.R. Dudley, western US botanist, 18491911)
Reference: [Moran in Jacobsen 1960 Handb Succ Plant:344359]
Unopened follicles generally most reliable for posture (erect, spreading, etc.).
Stem: caudex 13.5 cm wide; branches 0many
Leaf 1.517 cm, 2.550 mm wide, generally oblanceolate to spoon-shaped, rarely ovate or linear-oblanceolate, ± glaucous; tip acute, often acuminate to abruptly sharp; rosette 120 cm wide
Inflorescence: 1° branches generally 24, generally spreading, branched 03 X ; peduncle 445 cm; terminal branches 15(17) cm, 210(20)-flowered; pedicel generally 515 mm
Flower: sepals 1.55 mm, deltate-ovate, acute; petals 714 mm, 1.53.5 mm wide, fused 13 mm, elliptic to lanceolate, narrowly acute, yellow to red
Ecology: Rocky outcrops, slopes, talus
Elevation: 502700 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California (except Central Coast), Transverse Ranges
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem: caudex 210 mm wide; branches 0few
Leaf vernal, 1.54 cm, 512 mm wide
Inflorescence: 1° branches 12, simple; peduncle 410 cm; terminal branches 13 cm, 35-flowered
Flower: petals 2.53.5 mm wide, bright yellow, rarely orange or red-marked
Ecology: Shaded, rocky slopes
Elevation: 150500 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Western Transverse Ranges (Santa Monica Mtns)
Horticultural information: In cultivation.