|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual to subshrubs, fleshy
Leaves generally simple, generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, generally reduced upward
Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted
Flower: sepals generally 35, generally ± free; petals generally 35, ± free or fused; stamens = to >> sepals, free or epipetalous; pistils generally 35, simple (sometimes fused at base), ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1many, style 1
Fruit: follicles generally 35
Seeds 1many, small
Genera in family: ± 30 genera, ± 1500 species: ± worldwide, especially dry temp; many cultivated for ornamental. Family description and generic key by Melinda F. Denton and Reid Moran.
Perennial, fleshy, glabrous
Stem generally caudex or corm-like, generally vertical, branched or not, generally covered with dried leaves or leaf bases
Leaves in basal rosettes, evergreen vernal and ephemeral
Inflorescence: cyme, axillary, 1-sided; bracts leaf-like, alternate
Flower: sepals 5, fused below; petals 5, fused at base, erect to spreading above; stamens 10, epipetalous; pistils 5, ± fused below
Fruit: follicles 5, erect to spreading, many-seeded
Seed < 1 mm, narrowly ovoid, brown, striate
Species in genus: ± 45 species: sw North America
Etymology: (W.R. Dudley, western US botanist, 18491911)
Reference: [Moran in Jacobsen 1960 Handb Succ Plant:344359]
Unopened follicles generally most reliable for posture (erect, spreading, etc.).
Stem: caudex 13.5 cm wide; branches 0many
Leaf 1.517 cm, 2.550 mm wide, generally oblanceolate to spoon-shaped, rarely ovate or linear-oblanceolate, ± glaucous; tip acute, often acuminate to abruptly sharp; rosette 120 cm wide
Inflorescence: 1° branches generally 24, generally spreading, branched 03 X ; peduncle 445 cm; terminal branches 15(17) cm, 210(20)-flowered; pedicel generally 515 mm
Flower: sepals 1.55 mm, deltate-ovate, acute; petals 714 mm, 1.53.5 mm wide, fused 13 mm, elliptic to lanceolate, narrowly acute, yellow to red
Ecology: Rocky outcrops, slopes, talus
Elevation: 502700 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California (except Central Coast), Transverse Ranges
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem: caudex 210 mm wide; branches 0few
Leaf vernal, 1.54 cm, 512 mm wide
Inflorescence: 1° branches 12, simple; peduncle 410 cm; terminal branches 13 cm, 35-flowered
Flower: petals 2.53.5 mm wide, bright yellow, rarely orange or red-marked
Ecology: Shaded, rocky slopes
Elevation: 150500 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Western Transverse Ranges (Santa Monica Mtns)
Horticultural information: In cultivation.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|