|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to subshrubs, fleshy
Leaves generally simple, generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, generally reduced upward
Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted
Flower: sepals generally 35, generally ± free; petals generally 35, ± free or fused; stamens = to >> sepals, free or epipetalous; pistils generally 35, simple (sometimes fused at base), ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1many, style 1
Fruit: follicles generally 35
Seeds 1many, small
Genera in family: ± 30 genera, ± 1500 species: ± worldwide, especially dry temp; many cultivated for ornamental. Family description and generic key by Melinda F. Denton and Reid Moran.
Perennial, fleshy, glabrous
Stem generally caudex or corm-like, generally vertical, branched or not, generally covered with dried leaves or leaf bases
Leaves in basal rosettes, evergreen vernal and ephemeral
Inflorescence: cyme, axillary, 1-sided; bracts leaf-like, alternate
Flower: sepals 5, fused below; petals 5, fused at base, erect to spreading above; stamens 10, epipetalous; pistils 5, ± fused below
Fruit: follicles 5, erect to spreading, many-seeded
Seed < 1 mm, narrowly ovoid, brown, striate
Species in genus: ± 45 species: sw North America
Etymology: (W.R. Dudley, western US botanist, 18491911)
Reference: [Moran in Jacobsen 1960 Handb Succ Plant:344359]
Unopened follicles generally most reliable for posture (erect, spreading, etc.).
Leaf 16 cm, ± oblanceolate to spoon-shaped, base 14 mm wide; tip acute to rounded
Inflorescence: 1° branches 23, simple or forked 1 X ; peduncle 222 cm, 0.52 mm wide; terminal branches 16 cm, 310-flowered; pedicel < 1 mm
Flower: sepals 1.54 mm, deltate-ovate; petals spreading from base, 510 mm, elliptic, acute, white, keel often red-lined
Fruit: follicles spreading
Ecology: Open, coastal
Elevation: < 450 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Central Coast, South Coast, n Channel Islands
Distribution outside California: n Baja California
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem: caudex 12 cm, 520 mm wide, ± spheric to oblong
Leaves 1550 per rosette, 13.5 cm, 27 mm wide, 13 mm thick, ± oblanceolate
Inflorescence: peduncle 37 cm; bract deltate-lanceolate to -ovate
Ecology: Coastal bluffs
Elevation: ± 3 m.
Bioregional distribution: n Channel Islands (Santa Rosa Island)
Horticultural information: In cultivation.