|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to subshrubs, fleshy
Leaves generally simple, generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, generally reduced upward
Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted
Flower: sepals generally 35, generally ± free; petals generally 35, ± free or fused; stamens = to >> sepals, free or epipetalous; pistils generally 35, simple (sometimes fused at base), ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1many, style 1
Fruit: follicles generally 35
Seeds 1many, small
Genera in family: ± 30 genera, ± 1500 species: ± worldwide, especially dry temp; many cultivated for ornamental. Family description and generic key by Melinda F. Denton and Reid Moran.
Perennial, fleshy, glabrous
Stem generally caudex or corm-like, generally vertical, branched or not, generally covered with dried leaves or leaf bases
Leaves in basal rosettes, evergreen vernal and ephemeral
Inflorescence: cyme, axillary, 1-sided; bracts leaf-like, alternate
Flower: sepals 5, fused below; petals 5, fused at base, erect to spreading above; stamens 10, epipetalous; pistils 5, ± fused below
Fruit: follicles 5, erect to spreading, many-seeded
Seed < 1 mm, narrowly ovoid, brown, striate
Species in genus: ± 45 species: sw North America
Etymology: (W.R. Dudley, western US botanist, 18491911)
Reference: [Moran in Jacobsen 1960 Handb Succ Plant:344359]
Unopened follicles generally most reliable for posture (erect, spreading, etc.).
Stem: caudex simple to generally branched, cespitose
Leaf 1.511 cm, 520 mm wide, oblong-lanceolate or tapered base to tip, rarely elliptic to oblanceolate, generally glaucous, upper surface generally ± flat; rosette 26 cm wide
Inflorescence: 1° branches 0 or generally 23, generally simple, ascending; terminal branches 315 cm, 215-flowered; lower bracts 440 mm; pedicel 0.55(11) mm
Flower: sepals 25 mm, deltate; petals 813 mm, 1.53.5 mm wide, fused 14.5 mm, elliptic, acute, pale yellow, keel generally with fine, purple to red lines, margin often jagged
Ecology: Rocky outcrops
Elevation: 502600 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Outer South Coast Ranges, s Western Transverse Ranges, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges, sw edge Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: n Baja California
Sspp. bettinae, murina, parva exude purple dye when crushed.
Roots narrowed at irregular intervals
Stem: caudex 27 mm wide, often branched, often laterally
Leaf vernal, 1.54 cm, 36 mm wide, glaucous especially when young, oblanceolate
Inflorescence: peduncle 518 cm, 12 mm wide; lower bracts 515 mm
Flower: petals fused 12 mm, keel often red-flecked
Ecology: Clay grassland
Elevation: 60450 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Western Transverse Ranges (w Santa Monica Mtns, Ventura Co.)
Synonyms: D. p. Rose & Davidson
Horticultural information: In cultivation.