Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

CRASSULACEAE

STONECROP FAMILY

Annual to subshrubs, fleshy
Leaves generally simple, generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, generally reduced upward
Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted
Flower: sepals generally 3–5, generally ± free; petals generally 3–5, ± free or fused; stamens = to >> sepals, free or epipetalous; pistils generally 3–5, simple (sometimes fused at base), ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1–many, style 1
Fruit: follicles generally 3–5
Seeds 1–many, small
Genera in family: ± 30 genera, ± 1500 species: ± worldwide, especially dry temp; many cultivated for ornamental. Family description and generic key by Melinda F. Denton and Reid Moran.

AEONIUM

Reid Moran

Perennial, shrub
Leaves crowded at branch tips, alternate, generally obovate to oblanceolate, generally ciliate
Inflorescence: cyme, terminal; branches many, 1-sided
Flower: sepals 6–16, ± free; petals ± free, > sepals; stamens 2 X sepal number
Seeds many, small, striate, brown
Species in genus: 31 species: Africa, Yemen, Madeira, Cape Verde, and especially Canary islands
Etymology: (Latin: name given to A. arboreum by Dioscorides, Greek botanist)
Reference: [Liu 1989 Natl Mus Nat Sci Taiwan Spec Publ 3]

Introduced

A. haworthii Salm-Dyck

Shrub ± 7 dm, closely dome-shaped; adventitious prop roots many
Stem 3–10 mm diam, woody, rough-netted; branches many, throughout
Leaves 15–25, 3–6 cm, 2–5 mm thick, obovate, gray-green; margin generally red
Inflorescence: pedicel glabrous
Flower ± 1 cm wide, bell-shaped; petals 7–9, cream
Chromosomes: 2n=72
Ecology: Sea cliffs, dunes
Elevation: < 100 m.
Bioregional distribution: c&s South Coast
Distribution outside California: native to Canary Islands

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