Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

ANACARDIACEAE

SUMAC or CASHEW FAMILY

Dieter H. Wilken

Shrub, tree, generally dioecious or flowers bisexual and unisexual, ± resinous, sometimes milky, generally aromatic
Leaves simple or compound, alternate, deciduous or evergreen; stipules 0
Inflorescence: raceme or panicle; flowers generally many
Flower generally unisexual, radial; sepals 5, base generally ± fused; petals 5, generally > sepals, free; stamens 5 or 10, reduced and sterile in pistillate flowers; ovary superior, vestigial or 0 in staminate flowers, subtended by ± lobed, disk-like nectary, chamber generally 1, ovule generally 1, styles 1–3
Fruit drupe-like, glabrous, sticky, or short-hairy; pulp ± resinous, sometimes aromatic
Genera in family: 70+ genera, ± 850 species: tropical, warm temp; some ornamental (Rhus, Schinus ), some cultivated for fruit (Anacardium , cashew; Mangifera , mango)
Reference: [Brizicky 1962 J Arnold Arbor 43:359–375]
TOXIC: many genera produce contact dermatitis.

RHUS

Shrub, tree, dioecious or bisexual and pistillate
Leaves simple or compound, deciduous or evergreen, entire, toothed, or lobed
Inflorescence: panicle, terminal on short twigs, open to dense; flowers generally sessile
Flower: stamens 5; styles 3, free or ± fused
Fruit spheric or ± compressed, glabrous or glandular-hairy, generally reddish; pulp thin or thick, ± resinous
Species in genus: ± 150 species: warm temp
Etymology: (Greek: ancient name for sumac)
Reference: [Brizicky 1963 J Arnold Arbor 44:60–80]

Native

R. integrifolia (Nutt.) Brewer & S. Watson

LEMONADEBERRY

Shrub, small tree, 1–8 m, aromatic; flowers bisexual or pistillate
Leaf simple, evergreen; petiole 2–7 mm; blade 2.5–6 cm, 2–4 cm wide, widely elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, ± leathery, ± flat, tip ± obtuse, margin entire to toothed
Inflorescence: branches stout in bud; bractlets 2–4 mm
Flower: sepals green, margins glandular-ciliate; petals white to pinkish
Fruit 7–10 mm diam, glandular-hairy, reddish
Ecology: Canyons, generally n-facing slopes, chaparral
Elevation: < 900 m.
Bioregional distribution: Southwestern California
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Cult elsewhere. Hybridizes with R. ovata.
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY: 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 &SHD: 8, 9.

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