Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

CHENOPODIACEAE

GOOSEFOOT FAMILY

Dieter H. Wilken, except as specified

Annual to tree, sometimes monoecious or dioecious, glandular or with bead-like hairs that collapse with age, becoming scaly or powdery
Stem often fleshy
Leaves generally alternate, entire to lobed; veins generally pinnate
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, or spheric cluster, or flower 1; bracts 0–few
Flower: sepals 1–5, often 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused, generally persistent in fruit; petals 0; stamens 0–5; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, styles 1–3
Fruit: generally utricle
Seed 1, vertical (fruit compressed side-to-side) or horizontal (fruit compressed top-to-bottom)
Genera in family: 100 genera, 1300 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta , beets, chard; Chenopodium , quinoa)
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated in expanded Amaranthaceae

SUAEDA

SEA-BLITE, SEEPWEED

Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.

Annual, perennial herb, shrubs, glabrous to hairy
Leaves generally alternate; blade entire, sometimes cylindric or upper surface flat, fleshy, generally glaucous, tip acute or pointed
Inflorescence: cyme; clusters sessile, generally arrayed in compound spikes; bracts leaf-like or reduced; bractlets subtending flowers 1–3, minute, membranous; flowers 1–12
Flower generally bisexual; calyx radial or bilateral, lobes 5, rounded, hooded, keeled, horned, or wing-margined; ovary ± lenticular, rounded, conic or with a neck-like extension, stigmas 2–3(5)
Fruit: utricle, enclosed in calyx
Seed horizontal or vertical, lenticular or flat, of 2 kinds in some species
Species in genus: 115 species: worldwide, saline and alkaline soils
Etymology: (ancient Arabic name)
Reference: [Ferren & Whitmore 1983 Madroño 30:181–190]
Horticultural information: STBL.

Native

S. esteroa Ferren & S.A. Whitmore

ESTUARY SEA-BLITE

Perennial or subshrub 1–6 dm, glabrous, generally glaucous
Stem decumbent to erect; branches generally ascending
Leaves ascending, sessile; upper < 60 mm, linear-lanceolate, upper surface flat, overlapping, green or reddish, generally glaucous; lower = mid-stem but generally withered, straw-colored, persistent or breaking apart into fibers
Inflorescence: clusters confined to upper stems; flowers generally 3–5 per cluster; bracts < leaves
Flower bilateral, 1.5–3 mm; calyx lobes hooded and keeled; ovary rounded to lenticular, stigmas 2–3, linear, glabrous
Seed horizontal; biconvex form 1–1.2 mm, shiny, black or reddish; flat form 1.2–2 mm, dull, brown
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Coastal salt marshes
Elevation: < 5 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast
Distribution outside California: n Mexico
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for SUAEDA%20esteroa being generated
 


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