Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.

CHENOPODIACEAE

GOOSEFOOT FAMILY

Dieter H. Wilken, except as specified

Annual to tree, sometimes monoecious or dioecious, glandular or with bead-like hairs that collapse with age, becoming scaly or powdery
Stem often fleshy
Leaves generally alternate, entire to lobed; veins generally pinnate
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, or spheric cluster, or flower 1; bracts 0–few
Flower: sepals 1–5, often 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused, generally persistent in fruit; petals 0; stamens 0–5; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, styles 1–3
Fruit: generally utricle
Seed 1, vertical (fruit compressed side-to-side) or horizontal (fruit compressed top-to-bottom)
Genera in family: 100 genera, 1300 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta , beets, chard; Chenopodium , quinoa)
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated in expanded Amaranthaceae

SUAEDA

SEA-BLITE, SEEPWEED

Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.

Annual, perennial herb, shrubs, glabrous to hairy
Leaves generally alternate; blade entire, sometimes cylindric or upper surface flat, fleshy, generally glaucous, tip acute or pointed
Inflorescence: cyme; clusters sessile, generally arrayed in compound spikes; bracts leaf-like or reduced; bractlets subtending flowers 1–3, minute, membranous; flowers 1–12
Flower generally bisexual; calyx radial or bilateral, lobes 5, rounded, hooded, keeled, horned, or wing-margined; ovary ± lenticular, rounded, conic or with a neck-like extension, stigmas 2–3(5)
Fruit: utricle, enclosed in calyx
Seed horizontal or vertical, lenticular or flat, of 2 kinds in some species
Species in genus: 115 species: worldwide, saline and alkaline soils
Etymology: (ancient Arabic name)
Reference: [Ferren & Whitmore 1983 Madroño 30:181–190]
Horticultural information: STBL.

Native

S. californica S. Watson

CALIFORNIA SEA-BLITE

Shrub 3–8 dm, mound-like, glabrous or sparsely hairy, generally green
Stems decumbent, several, dull gray-brown; branches spreading, many, pale green or reddish, herbaceous
Leaves overlapping, subsessile; petioles ± 1 mm, forming prominent knobs on lower stems and branches; blades 5–35 mm, ± lanceolate, subcylindric to flat
Inflorescence: clusters scattered throughout plant; branches thick, 2–4 mm diam; flowers 1–5 per cluster; bracts generally = leaves, densely overlapping at branch tips
Flower bisexual or lateral pistillate, radial, 2–3 mm; calyx lobes rounded or hooded, glabrous; ovary ± conic, stigmas 3, hairy-papillate
Seed horizontal or vertical, 1.5–2 mm, biconvex, shiny, black
Ecology: Margins of coastal salt marshes
Elevation: < 5 m.
Bioregional distribution: Central Coast.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for SUAEDA%20californica being generated
 
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Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Suaeda californica
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Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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