Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

CHENOPODIACEAE

GOOSEFOOT FAMILY

Dieter H. Wilken, except as specified

Annual to tree, sometimes monoecious or dioecious, glandular or with bead-like hairs that collapse with age, becoming scaly or powdery
Stem often fleshy
Leaves generally alternate, entire to lobed; veins generally pinnate
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, or spheric cluster, or flower 1; bracts 0–few
Flower: sepals 1–5, often 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused, generally persistent in fruit; petals 0; stamens 0–5; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, styles 1–3
Fruit: generally utricle
Seed 1, vertical (fruit compressed side-to-side) or horizontal (fruit compressed top-to-bottom)
Genera in family: 100 genera, 1300 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta , beets, chard; Chenopodium , quinoa)
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated in expanded Amaranthaceae

SALICORNIA

PICKLEWEED

Annual to subshrub, glabrous
Stem generally many-branched, jointed; internodes green to glaucous, fleshy
Leaves opposite, sessile, ± decurrent; leaf pairs generally fused at base, clasping or together ring-like
Inflorescence: spike, terminal, cylindric, dense; bracts scale-like; flowers generally 3 per axil, sessile to sunken in axis
Flower: calyx bladder-like, slitted, ± deciduous in fruit; stamens generally 2; stigmas 2–3
Fruit: wall free from seed
Seed vertical
Species in genus: ± 13 species: ± worldwide
Etymology: (Greek: salt horn)
Needs further study.

Native

S. subterminalis Parish

Perennial 7–30 cm
Stem spreading to erect; branches ascending; internodes 6–18 mm, 2–3 mm wide
Inflorescence 10–40 mm, 2–3 mm wide; distal 5–14 nodes lacking flowers; lower bracts generally obtuse to rounded; flowers at same level
Seed ± 1 mm, glabrous
Ecology: Salt marshes, alkaline flats
Elevation: < 800 m.
Bioregional distribution: San Joaquin Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast, Channel Islands, w Mojave Desert, Sonoran Desert
Distribution outside California: n Mexico
Flowering time: Apr–Sep
Horticultural information: STBL.

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