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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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Dieter H. Wilken, except as specified

Annual to tree, sometimes monoecious or dioecious, glandular or with bead-like hairs that collapse with age, becoming scaly or powdery
Stem often fleshy
Leaves generally alternate, entire to lobed; veins generally pinnate
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, or spheric cluster, or flower 1; bracts 0–few
Flower: sepals 1–5, often 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused, generally persistent in fruit; petals 0; stamens 0–5; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, styles 1–3
Fruit: generally utricle
Seed 1, vertical (fruit compressed side-to-side) or horizontal (fruit compressed top-to-bottom)
Genera in family: 100 genera, 1300 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta , beets, chard; Chenopodium , quinoa)
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated in expanded Amaranthaceae


Perennial or shrub, monoecious or dioecious, generally erect, stellate or long-hairy
Leaf linear to lanceolate, flat, entire
Inflorescence spike-like, terminal; staminate flowers above pistillate flowers, bracts ± leaf-like; pistillate flowers few, clustered, subtended by 2 bractlets ± fused at base
Staminate flower: calyx lobes 4; stamens 4
Pistillate flower: calyx lobes 0; stigmas 2
Fruit: wall free or adherent to seed
Seed vertical
Species in genus: ± 8 species: n Medit, temp Asia, w North America
Etymology: (Stephan P. Krascheninnikov, Russian botanist, 1713–1755)


K. lanata (Pursh) A. Meeuse & A. Smit


Shrub generally 5–10 dm, generally monoecious; hairs white, becoming ± rust-colored
Leaf 6–30 mm, 1.5–5 mm wide; margins inrolled
Inflorescence 3–19 cm; staminate flowers many; pistillate flowers 1–4 in lower axils; bractlets densely hairy, 4–6 mm in fruit
Staminate flower: calyx lobes 1–2 mm, densely hairy; stamens exserted
Pistillate flower: stigmas exserted
Fruit ± 2 mm, white-hairy
Ecology: Rocky to clay soils, flats, gentle slopes
Elevation: 100–2700 m.
Bioregional distribution: High Sierra Nevada (e slope), Tehachapi Mountain Area, s San Joaquin Valley, s Inner South Coast Ranges, Western Transverse Ranges (n slope), Great Basin Floristic Province, Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: to Washington, north-central US, New Mexico, n Mexico
Flowering time: Mar–Jun
Synonyms: Eurotia l. (Pursh) Moq.; Ceratoides l. (Pursh) J.T. Howell both invalid
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN: 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.

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