Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Dieter H. Wilken, except as specified

Annual to tree, sometimes monoecious or dioecious, glandular or with bead-like hairs that collapse with age, becoming scaly or powdery
Stem often fleshy
Leaves generally alternate, entire to lobed; veins generally pinnate
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, or spheric cluster, or flower 1; bracts 0–few
Flower: sepals 1–5, often 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused, generally persistent in fruit; petals 0; stamens 0–5; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, styles 1–3
Fruit: generally utricle
Seed 1, vertical (fruit compressed side-to-side) or horizontal (fruit compressed top-to-bottom)
Genera in family: 100 genera, 1300 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta , beets, chard; Chenopodium , quinoa)
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated in expanded Amaranthaceae


Annual, generally erect
Stem: branches 0–few, spreading to ascending
Leaf generally linear
Inflorescence: spike; bracts leaf-like
Flower bisexual; sepals 0–5, scarious; stamens 1–5; ovary superior, chamber 1, stigmas 2
Fruit elliptic to obovate, ± flat
Seed vertical, generally black
Species in genus: 60 species: n temp
Etymology: (Latin & Greek: leathery seed)
Reference: [Maihle & Blackwell 1978 Sida 7:382–391]


C. hyssopifolium L.

Plant 5–30 cm
Leaf 9–25 mm, 1–2.5 mm wide
Inflorescence 1–4 cm, dense; bracts in fruit 3–10 mm, margin scarious
Fruit 3–4 mm diam, round, dark green to black; wing white to translucent
Ecology: Uncommon. Sandy soils, dunes
Elevation: 100–1100 m.
Bioregional distribution: n East of Sierra Nevada, n Sonoran Desert, n Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, e N.America, n Mexico; native to Eurasia

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