Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

CHENOPODIACEAE

GOOSEFOOT FAMILY

Dieter H. Wilken, except as specified

Annual to tree, sometimes monoecious or dioecious, glandular or with bead-like hairs that collapse with age, becoming scaly or powdery
Stem often fleshy
Leaves generally alternate, entire to lobed; veins generally pinnate
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, or spheric cluster, or flower 1; bracts 0–few
Flower: sepals 1–5, often 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused, generally persistent in fruit; petals 0; stamens 0–5; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, styles 1–3
Fruit: generally utricle
Seed 1, vertical (fruit compressed side-to-side) or horizontal (fruit compressed top-to-bottom)
Genera in family: 100 genera, 1300 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta , beets, chard; Chenopodium , quinoa)
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated in expanded Amaranthaceae

BASSIA

Annual, generally hairy
Stem: axis generally erect; branches ascending to erect
Leaves linear to lanceolate, reduced upward
Inflorescence: spike; bracts leaf-like; flowers 1–few per axil
Flowers generally bisexual; calyx lobes 5, incurved, hooked-spiny in fruit; stamens generally 5; stigmas generally 2
Fruit ± depressed-spheric
Seed horizontal
Species in genus: ± 5 species: warm temp Eurasia
Etymology: (Ferdinando Bassi, Italian botanist, 1710–1774)
Perhaps best included in Kochia.

Introduced

B. hyssopifolia (Pall.) Kuntze

Plant < 1 m
Leaves: lower 5–60 mm, 1–3.5 mm wide, flat, often withered in fruit
Inflorescence 5–50 mm; bracts 2–5 mm, ± oblong
Flower: calyx densely tan-woolly, base in fruit leathery, spines ± 1 mm
Fruit 1–1.5 mm diam
Seed dark brown
Ecology: Disturbed sites, fields, roadsides
Elevation: < 1200 m.
Bioregional distribution: California (except Northwestern California, High Sierra Nevada)
Distribution outside California: widespread N.America; native to Eurasia
Flowering time: Jul–Oct
Sometimes confused with Kochia scoparia.

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