|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree, sometimes monoecious or dioecious, glandular or with bead-like hairs that collapse with age, becoming scaly or powdery
Stem often fleshy
Leaves generally alternate, entire to lobed; veins generally pinnate
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, or spheric cluster, or flower 1; bracts 0few
Flower: sepals 15, often 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused, generally persistent in fruit; petals 0; stamens 05; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, styles 13
Fruit: generally utricle
Seed 1, vertical (fruit compressed side-to-side) or horizontal (fruit compressed top-to-bottom)
Genera in family: 100 genera, 1300 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta , beets, chard; Chenopodium , quinoa)
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated in expanded Amaranthaceae
Annual (generally monoecious) to shrub (generally dioecious), often scaly
Leaves generally alternate, generally entire; lower generally ± short-petioled; upper generally sessile, ± reduced
Staminate inflorescence: spike or spheric cluster; bracts 0
Pistillate inflorescence: clusters to spike- or panicle-like; bracts 2 per fruit, free to fused, generally compressed, generally sessile
Staminate flower: calyx lobes 35; stamens 35
Pistillate flower: calyx ± 0; ovary ovoid to spheric, style branches 2
Seed generally erect
Species in genus: ± 250 species: temp to subtropical worldwide
Etymology: (Latin: ancient name)
Generally in alkaline or saline soils; some weedy; some accumulate selenium.
Annual 310 dm, mat-like
Stems decumbent to ascending, sparsely scaly; tips flexible
Leaves subsessile; blade 1040 mm, elliptic to lanceolate, ± greenish, sparsely fine-scaly above, dentate
Staminate inflorescence: spikes 1many in panicles (or clusters spheric, terminal)
Pistillate inflorescence: bracts in fruit 23.5 mm, fused to middle, ± round to wedge-shaped, smooth or tubercled, toothed above middle
Ecology: Alkaline flats, coastal bluffs
Elevation: < 2000 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Sierra Nevada, San Joaquin Valley, Outer South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California, East of Sierra Nevada (naturalized), w Mojave Desert, Sonoran Desert
Distribution outside California: Baja California
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf: blade 1020 mm
Staminate inflorescence: clusters terminal, spheric
Pistillate inflorescence: fruit bract faintly 3-veined
Elevation: < 200 m.
Bioregional distribution: s South Coast.