Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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CHENOPODIACEAE

GOOSEFOOT FAMILY

Dieter H. Wilken, except as specified

Annual to tree, sometimes monoecious or dioecious, glandular or with bead-like hairs that collapse with age, becoming scaly or powdery
Stem often fleshy
Leaves generally alternate, entire to lobed; veins generally pinnate
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, or spheric cluster, or flower 1; bracts 0–few
Flower: sepals 1–5, often 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused, generally persistent in fruit; petals 0; stamens 0–5; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, styles 1–3
Fruit: generally utricle
Seed 1, vertical (fruit compressed side-to-side) or horizontal (fruit compressed top-to-bottom)
Genera in family: 100 genera, 1300 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta , beets, chard; Chenopodium , quinoa)
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated in expanded Amaranthaceae

ATRIPLEX

SALTBUSH

Dean Taylor and Dieter H. Wilken

Annual (generally monoecious) to shrub (generally dioecious), often scaly
Leaves generally alternate, generally entire; lower generally ± short-petioled; upper generally sessile, ± reduced
Staminate inflorescence: spike or spheric cluster; bracts 0
Pistillate inflorescence: clusters to spike- or panicle-like; bracts 2 per fruit, free to fused, generally compressed, generally sessile
Staminate flower: calyx lobes 3–5; stamens 3–5
Pistillate flower: calyx ± 0; ovary ovoid to spheric, style branches 2
Seed generally erect
Species in genus: ± 250 species: temp to subtropical worldwide
Etymology: (Latin: ancient name)
Generally in alkaline or saline soils; some weedy; some accumulate selenium.

Native

A. patula L.

SPEAR ORACLE

Annual 4–15 dm
Stem 1+ from base, erect; branches ascending to spreading, stiff, glabrous to sparsely fine-scaly
Leaf: blade 15–70 mm, linear to lanceolate, green, glabrous to sparsely scaly, entire to minutely toothed, base tapered or rounded
Staminate inflorescence: spike or panicle, generally terminal
Pistillate inflorescence: bracts in fruit 3–12 mm, 3–7 mm wide, fused at base, ovate to deltate, smooth to tubercled, entire to minutely dentate
Seeds of 2 forms (± 1–2 mm and black or ± 2.5–4 mm and brown)
Ecology: Saline soils
Elevation: < 1400 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Cascade Range Foothills, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, e N.America, Eurasia
Varieties intergrade.

Native

var. patula


Leaves: lower with base tapered to ± rounded, tip acute
Pistillate inflorescence: bracts in fruit 3–8 mm, smooth, margin narrow, minutely dentate
Ecology: Habitats and range (except n Can, AK) of sp
Elevation:
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Cascade Range Foothills, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area

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bioregional map for ATRIPLEX%20patula%20var.%20patula being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Atriplex patula var. patula
Retrieve dichotomous key for Atriplex
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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