|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, biennial, perennial herb, rarely dioecious, taprooted or rhizome generally slender
Leaves simple, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0; blade entire, sheath generally 0
Inflorescence: cyme, generally open; flowers fewmany or flower solitary and axillary; involucre generally 0
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium sometimes present; sepals generally 5, ± free or fused into a tube, tube generally herbaceous between lobes or teeth; awns generally 0; petals generally 5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, blade expanded), entire to 2several-lobed, blade generally without scale-like appendages (inner surface), generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries generally 0; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 25 or 1 and 23-branched
Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely modified, dehiscent), generally sessile
Seeds: appendage generally 0
Genera in family: 85 genera, 2400 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temp, n hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria ).
Annual, perennial herb, erect to prostrate; taproot and rhizomes present
Leaf: petiole present or 0; blade linear to ovate; vein 1
Inflorescence: cyme, terminal or axillary, fewmany-flowered, open to dense or umbel-like or flower axillary, solitary; peduncles, pedicels 0.850+ mm
Flower: sepals generally 5, free, 1.55.5 mm, lanceolate to ovate, glabrous to glandular-hairy; petals 0 or 5, 0.87 mm, generally 2-lobed ± to base; stamens 10, sometimes fewer; styles 3(45 in S. calycantha), 0.22.8 mm
Fruit: capsule, ± ovoid to cylindric-oblong; teeth 6(8,10), ascending to recurved
Seeds severalmany, brown to yellowish, reddish, or purplish brown
Species in genus: 120 species: worldwide
Etymology: (Latin: star, from flower shape)
Reference: [Chinnappa & Morton 1991 Rhodora 93:129135; Morton & Rabeler 1989 Canad J Bot 67:121127]
Perennial, sprawling, 1060 cm, covered with long wavy hairs; rhizome whiteSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem ± uniformly hairy
Leaves ± evenly spaced; blade 1045 mm, ± ovate; margin flat to wavy, ± shiny, densely ciliate
Inflorescence terminal; flowers fewmany; bracts leafy; pedicels ascending to erect, in fruit spreading to reflexed
Flower: sepals 5, 2.85 mm, lanceolate, sharply acute, hairy, margin widely scarious, ciliate near base, ribs in fruit 1 or 3; petals 5, 11.2 X sepals
Seed ± 1 mm, reddish brown; surface minutely roughened
Ecology: Uncommon. Marshy fields, marshes, coastal bluffs
Elevation: < 40 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Central Coast
Horticultural information: IRR, SUN: 5, 14, 15, 16, 17, 22, 23, 24.