Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

CARYOPHYLLACEAE

PINK FAMILY

Ronald L. Hartman (except Silene)

Annual, biennial, perennial herb, rarely dioecious, taprooted or rhizome generally slender
Leaves simple, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0; blade entire, sheath generally 0
Inflorescence: cyme, generally open; flowers few–many or flower solitary and axillary; involucre generally 0
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium sometimes present; sepals generally 5, ± free or fused into a tube, tube generally herbaceous between lobes or teeth; awns generally 0; petals generally 5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, blade expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, blade generally without scale-like appendages (inner surface), generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries generally 0; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 or 1 and 2–3-branched
Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely modified, dehiscent), generally sessile
Seeds: appendage generally 0
Genera in family: 85 genera, 2400 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temp, n hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria ).

SPERGULARIA

SAND-SPURREY

Annual, perennial herb, erect to sprawling; taprooted
Leaf: stipules 1–11 mm, lanceolate and acuminate to widely triangular, scarious, ± entire or splitting ± at tip, white to tan; blade thread-like to linear; vein 1
Inflorescence: generally cyme, terminal, few–many-flowered, open to dense; pedicels 0.5–28+ mm
Flower: sepals 5, ± free, 1.5–10 mm, lanceolate to ovate, glabrous to glandular-hairy; petals 5, 0.6–9 mm, entire; stamens 2–10; styles 3, 0.3–1.9 mm
Fruit: capsule, ovoid; valves 3, spreading with tip recurved
Seeds few–many, dark brown, reddish brown, or black
Species in genus: 40 species: worldwide
Etymology: (Latin: derivative of Spergula )
Reference: [Rossbach 1940 Rhodora 42:57–83,105–143,158–193,203–213]

Native

S. canadensis (Pers.) G. Don var. occidentalis R. Rossbach

Annual, delicate to ± stout
Stem: lower main generally 0.4–1.8 mm diam
Leaf fleshy; axillary clusters generally 0; stipules 1–2.7 mm, widely triangular, dull white, inconspicuous, tip obtuse to acute
Inflorescence 1–2+ X compound or flower generally axillary, solitary, glabrous to glandular-hairy
Flower: sepals fused 0.5–0.6 mm, lobes 2.5–3.5 mm, in fruit < 4.5 mm; petals white or pink; stamens 2–4; styles 0.3–0.7 mm
Fruit 3.5–5.3 mm, 1.2–1.3 X calyx
Seed 0.9–1.1 mm, reddish brown, often winged; surface ± smooth, minutely glandular-hairy
Chromosomes: 2n=36
Ecology: Uncommon. Salt marshes
Elevation: < 3 m.
Bioregional distribution: n North Coast (Humboldt Bay)
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for SPERGULARIA%20canadensis%20var.%20occidentalis being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Spergularia canadensis var. occidentalis
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