Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Ronald L. Hartman (except Silene)

Annual, biennial, perennial herb, rarely dioecious, taprooted or rhizome generally slender
Leaves simple, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0; blade entire, sheath generally 0
Inflorescence: cyme, generally open; flowers few–many or flower solitary and axillary; involucre generally 0
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium sometimes present; sepals generally 5, ± free or fused into a tube, tube generally herbaceous between lobes or teeth; awns generally 0; petals generally 5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, blade expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, blade generally without scale-like appendages (inner surface), generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries generally 0; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 or 1 and 2–3-branched
Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely modified, dehiscent), generally sessile
Seeds: appendage generally 0
Genera in family: 85 genera, 2400 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temp, n hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria ).



Annual, perennial herb, tufted to matted, taprooted
Leaf: blade linear to awl-shaped; vein 0–1
Inflorescence: flower solitary, terminal or axillary; pedicels 2–30 mm
Flower: sepals 4–5, free, 1.3–3.5 mm, lanceolate to ovate, glabrous to glandular-hairy; petals 0 or 4–5, 1–3 mm, entire or sometimes notched; stamens 4, 5, 8, or 10; styles 4–5, 0.1–0.6 mm
Fruit: capsule, ovoid; valves 4–5, spreading to recurved
Seeds few–many, brown or reddish brown
Species in genus: 25 species: n temp, tropical mtns
Etymology: (Latin: fattening, once applied to Spergula , used as early forage)
Reference: [Crow 1978 Rhodora 80:1–91]


S. maxima A. Gray subsp. crassicaulis (S. Watson) G. Crow

Perennial 3–18 cm, glabrous; sterile basal rosettes present
Stem ± stout, spreading to decumbent
Leaf fleshy; blade 7–22 mm, widely linear
Inflorescence: pedicels 5–25 mm, slender to stout, generally straight
Flower: sepals 5, ± appressed in fruit, generally 2.5–3.5 mm; petals 5, slightly < sepals; stamens 10
Fruit 1.3–1.6 X sepals
Seed 0.4–0.5 mm, ± reniform, plump, smooth or slightly roughened, reddish brown; back not grooved
Chromosomes: 2n=44,46,66
Ecology: Sandy bluffs, rock crevices
Elevation: < 30 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Central Coast
Distribution outside California: to Alaska
Synonyms: S. crassicaulis S. Watson
Horticultural information: 4, 5, IRR: 14, 15, 16, 17, 24.

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for SAGINA%20maxima%20subsp.%20crassicaulis being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Sagina maxima subsp. crassicaulis
Retrieve dichotomous key for Sagina
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page

University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California