|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual, biennial, perennial herb, rarely dioecious, taprooted or rhizome generally slender
Leaves simple, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0; blade entire, sheath generally 0
Inflorescence: cyme, generally open; flowers fewmany or flower solitary and axillary; involucre generally 0
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium sometimes present; sepals generally 5, ± free or fused into a tube, tube generally herbaceous between lobes or teeth; awns generally 0; petals generally 5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, blade expanded), entire to 2several-lobed, blade generally without scale-like appendages (inner surface), generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries generally 0; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 25 or 1 and 23-branched
Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely modified, dehiscent), generally sessile
Seeds: appendage generally 0
Genera in family: 85 genera, 2400 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temp, n hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria ).
Annual, perennial herb, erect to mat-forming, taprooted or rhizomed
Leaf: blade thread-like to awl-shaped or narrowly oblong; veins or ribs 13
Inflorescence: cyme, terminal or axillary; flowers 2many, open to ± dense, or flower solitary; peduncles and pedicels 0.535+ mm
Flower: hypanthium short, obscure; sepals 5, ± free, 1.97 mm, ± lanceolate to ovate, glabrous to glandular-hairy; petals 5 or 0, 0.710 mm, entire or notched; stamens arising from an obscure to prominent disk; styles 3, 0.32 mm
Fruit: capsule, narrowly ovoid to widely elliptic; teeth 3, ascending to recurved
Seeds 1many, reddish tan to reddish, purplish, or blackish brown
Species in genus: 120 species: arctic to Mex, n Africa, s Asia
Etymology: (J. Minuart, Spanish botanist & pharmacist, 16931768)
Reference: [McNeill 1980 Rhodora 82: 495502]
Annual, simple or often branched from base, 1230 cm, green, in fruit becoming purple, finely glandular-hairy; taproot < 2 mmSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stems erect to spreading
Leaves 515 mm, 11.5 mm wide, linear-lanceolate, recurved, rigid, mostly restricted near base; axillary leaves 0
Flower: sepals 1.93 mm, ± acute, margin not incurved, ribs ± 3 near base; petals 1.82.3 X sepals
Seed 1.41.7 mm; margin thick, blackish brown
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Chaparral, Jeffrey-pine/oak woodland, serpentine
Elevation: 5501000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges
Distribution outside California: s Oregon
Synonyms: Arenaria h. S. Watson
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|