Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

CARYOPHYLLACEAE

PINK FAMILY

Ronald L. Hartman (except Silene)

Annual, biennial, perennial herb, rarely dioecious, taprooted or rhizome generally slender
Leaves simple, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0; blade entire, sheath generally 0
Inflorescence: cyme, generally open; flowers few–many or flower solitary and axillary; involucre generally 0
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium sometimes present; sepals generally 5, ± free or fused into a tube, tube generally herbaceous between lobes or teeth; awns generally 0; petals generally 5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, blade expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, blade generally without scale-like appendages (inner surface), generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries generally 0; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 or 1 and 2–3-branched
Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely modified, dehiscent), generally sessile
Seeds: appendage generally 0
Genera in family: 85 genera, 2400 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temp, n hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria ).

GYPSOPHILA

BABY'S-BREATH

Annual, biennial, perennial herb, erect, taprooted or rhizomed
Leaves: blade ± lanceolate; veins 1–3, often obscure
Inflorescence: cyme, generally panicle-like, terminal; flowers ± few–many; pedicels 1–30+ mm
Flower: sepals 5, fused, glabrous or glandular-hairy, tube ± prominent, ± 1.3–4 mm, 0.8–2 mm diam, cup- to bell-shaped, round to angled in X -section, white-scarious between teeth, veins ± 5, teeth 0.2–1 mm, < tube, lanceolate to triangular; petals 5, ± 2.2–9 mm, claw long, blade entire to notched; styles 2, 2–5 mm
Fruit: capsule, oblong to spheric; teeth 4, ascending to recurved
Seeds 2–several, black
Species in genus: 125 species: temp Eurasia, n Africa
Etymology: (Greek: gypsum lover, from habitat of 1 sp.)
Reference: [Barkoudah 1962 Wentia 9:1–203]

Introduced

G. scorzonerifolia Ser.

Perennial 30–90 cm; rhizome stout
Leaf: blade 3–35 mm wide, linear-oblong to lanceolate
Inflorescence ± open; flowers ± few; pedicels glandular-hairy
Flower: calyx 2–2.5 mm, glandular-hairy; petals 1.5–2 X calyx, white to light pink
Chromosomes: 2n=34,68
Ecology: Disturbed areas
Elevation: ± 1200 m.
Bioregional distribution: East of Sierra Nevada (Inyo Co.)
Distribution outside California: native to e Europe

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