Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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CARYOPHYLLACEAE

PINK FAMILY

Ronald L. Hartman (except Silene)

Annual, biennial, perennial herb, rarely dioecious, taprooted or rhizome generally slender
Leaves simple, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0; blade entire, sheath generally 0
Inflorescence: cyme, generally open; flowers few–many or flower solitary and axillary; involucre generally 0
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium sometimes present; sepals generally 5, ± free or fused into a tube, tube generally herbaceous between lobes or teeth; awns generally 0; petals generally 5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, blade expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, blade generally without scale-like appendages (inner surface), generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries generally 0; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 or 1 and 2–3-branched
Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely modified, dehiscent), generally sessile
Seeds: appendage generally 0
Genera in family: 85 genera, 2400 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temp, n hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria ).

GYPSOPHILA

BABY'S-BREATH

Annual, biennial, perennial herb, erect, taprooted or rhizomed
Leaves: blade ± lanceolate; veins 1–3, often obscure
Inflorescence: cyme, generally panicle-like, terminal; flowers ± few–many; pedicels 1–30+ mm
Flower: sepals 5, fused, glabrous or glandular-hairy, tube ± prominent, ± 1.3–4 mm, 0.8–2 mm diam, cup- to bell-shaped, round to angled in X -section, white-scarious between teeth, veins ± 5, teeth 0.2–1 mm, < tube, lanceolate to triangular; petals 5, ± 2.2–9 mm, claw long, blade entire to notched; styles 2, 2–5 mm
Fruit: capsule, oblong to spheric; teeth 4, ascending to recurved
Seeds 2–several, black
Species in genus: 125 species: temp Eurasia, n Africa
Etymology: (Greek: gypsum lover, from habitat of 1 sp.)
Reference: [Barkoudah 1962 Wentia 9:1–203]

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bioregional map for GYPSOPHILA being generated
 
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