Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Lauramay T. Dempster

Subshrub, shrub, vine, or small tree
Leaves opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0
Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1–5-chambered, style l
Fruit: berry, drupe, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 12 genera, 450 species: especially n temp
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Valerianaceae (and Dispaceae); Sambucus, Viburnum recently treated in Adoxaceae



Stem decumbent to erect, slender
Leaf simple, deciduous, small, short-petioled; blade generally elliptic to round, some often ± lobed
Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally ± terminal, generally few-flowered; flower subtended by 2 fused bractlets
Flower ± radial; hypanthium ± spheric; calyx with 5-toothed, persistent limb; corolla bell-shaped to ± salverform, generally 5-lobed, white or pink, often ± hairy inside; nectaries 1–5, ± basal; stamens generally included; ovary chambers 4, styles generally included, stigma head-shaped
Fruit generally berry-like, generally white
Seeds 2 (1 per lateral ovary chamber), ± oblong, planoconvex
Species in genus: ± 10 species: North America, 1 in China
Etymology: (Greek: to bear fruit together, the berries borne in clusters)
Reference: [Jones 1940 J Arnold Arbor 21:201–252]


S. rotundifolius A. Gray

Plant 6–12 dm, stiff, puberulent
Stem: old bark shredding
Leaf: blade 8–20 mm, paler and more prominently veined below
Inflorescence: flowers 1–2 in axils
Flower: calyx limb flaring, lobes deep, irregular, margin generally transparent; corolla 6–10 mm, narrowly bell-shaped, pink or white, middle 1/3 of tube lightly hairy, upper 1/3 glabrous, lobes ± erect, ± 1/5–1/3 corolla length; nectaries below all 5 lobes; style glabrous
Fruit 8–12 mm, ovoid
Seeds 4–6 mm
Ecology: Slopes, ridges, open places in forest
Elevation: 1100–3300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Southwestern California, Great Basin Floristic Province, Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Washington, Wyoming, Colorado, w Texas
Synonyms: S. vaccinioides Rydb

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