Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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Lauramay T. Dempster

Subshrub, shrub, vine, or small tree
Leaves opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0
Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1–5-chambered, style l
Fruit: berry, drupe, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 12 genera, 450 species: especially n temp
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Valerianaceae (and Dispaceae); Sambucus, Viburnum recently treated in Adoxaceae



Stem decumbent to erect, slender
Leaf simple, deciduous, small, short-petioled; blade generally elliptic to round, some often ± lobed
Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally ± terminal, generally few-flowered; flower subtended by 2 fused bractlets
Flower ± radial; hypanthium ± spheric; calyx with 5-toothed, persistent limb; corolla bell-shaped to ± salverform, generally 5-lobed, white or pink, often ± hairy inside; nectaries 1–5, ± basal; stamens generally included; ovary chambers 4, styles generally included, stigma head-shaped
Fruit generally berry-like, generally white
Seeds 2 (1 per lateral ovary chamber), ± oblong, planoconvex
Species in genus: ± 10 species: North America, 1 in China
Etymology: (Greek: to bear fruit together, the berries borne in clusters)
Reference: [Jones 1940 J Arnold Arbor 21:201–252]


S. longiflorus A. Gray


Plant 9–12 dm, stiff, glabrous or puberulent, often dotted with minute glands
Stem: branches often spiny; young bark red or brown, old whitish, shredding
Leaf: blade 0.5–2 cm, entire, ± thick, sometimes lanceolate, bluish, veins below not prominent
Inflorescence: flowers sometimes solitary in axils
Flower very fragrant; calyx limb ± erect, unevenly and often shallowly lobed, sinuses often round; corolla 8–15 mm, ± salverform, pink or cream, tube slender, often red or purple outside, glabrous inside, lobes 1/5–1/4 corolla length, spreading, ovate; nectary 1, long, slender; style generally hairy above middle
Fruit ± 7 mm, narrowly elliptic, dry
Seed ± 5 mm
Ecology: Among rocks
Elevation: 1350–1600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Great Basin Floristic Province, Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Colorado, Texas
Flowering time: May–Jun
Horticultural information: 4, 6, IRR: 1, 15 &SHD: 2, 3, 7, 16; DFCLT.

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bioregional map for SYMPHORICARPOS%20longiflorus being generated
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Symphoricarpos longiflorus
Retrieve dichotomous key for Symphoricarpos
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
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