Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

CAPRIFOLIACEAE

HONEYSUCKLE FAMILY

Lauramay T. Dempster

Subshrub, shrub, vine, or small tree
Leaves opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0
Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1–5-chambered, style l
Fruit: berry, drupe, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 12 genera, 450 species: especially n temp
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Valerianaceae (and Dispaceae); Sambucus, Viburnum recently treated in Adoxaceae

SYMPHORICARPOS

WAXBERRY, SNOWBERRY

Shrub
Stem decumbent to erect, slender
Leaf simple, deciduous, small, short-petioled; blade generally elliptic to round, some often ± lobed
Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally ± terminal, generally few-flowered; flower subtended by 2 fused bractlets
Flower ± radial; hypanthium ± spheric; calyx with 5-toothed, persistent limb; corolla bell-shaped to ± salverform, generally 5-lobed, white or pink, often ± hairy inside; nectaries 1–5, ± basal; stamens generally included; ovary chambers 4, styles generally included, stigma head-shaped
Fruit generally berry-like, generally white
Seeds 2 (1 per lateral ovary chamber), ± oblong, planoconvex
Species in genus: ± 10 species: North America, 1 in China
Etymology: (Greek: to bear fruit together, the berries borne in clusters)
Reference: [Jones 1940 J Arnold Arbor 21:201–252]

Native

S. longiflorus A. Gray

FRAGRANT SNOWBERRY

Plant 9–12 dm, stiff, glabrous or puberulent, often dotted with minute glands
Stem: branches often spiny; young bark red or brown, old whitish, shredding
Leaf: blade 0.5–2 cm, entire, ± thick, sometimes lanceolate, bluish, veins below not prominent
Inflorescence: flowers sometimes solitary in axils
Flower very fragrant; calyx limb ± erect, unevenly and often shallowly lobed, sinuses often round; corolla 8–15 mm, ± salverform, pink or cream, tube slender, often red or purple outside, glabrous inside, lobes 1/5–1/4 corolla length, spreading, ovate; nectary 1, long, slender; style generally hairy above middle
Fruit ± 7 mm, narrowly elliptic, dry
Seed ± 5 mm
Ecology: Among rocks
Elevation: 1350–1600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Great Basin Floristic Province, Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Colorado, Texas
Flowering time: May–Jun
Horticultural information: 4, 6, IRR: 1, 15 &SHD: 2, 3, 7, 16; DFCLT.

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