Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.

CAPRIFOLIACEAE

HONEYSUCKLE FAMILY

Lauramay T. Dempster

Subshrub, shrub, vine, or small tree
Leaves opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0
Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1–5-chambered, style l
Fruit: berry, drupe, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 12 genera, 450 species: especially n temp
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Valerianaceae (and Dispaceae); Sambucus, Viburnum recently treated in Adoxaceae

LONICERA

HONEYSUCKLE

Shrub, erect or twining
Leaves simple, entire, short-petioled; 1–2 pairs beneath inflorescence often fused around stem
Inflorescence: spikes, interrupted, at ends of branches, or flowers paired on axillary peduncles and subtended by 0–2 sets of bracts
Flower: calyx-limb 0 or generally 5-toothed, generally persistent; corolla 5-lobed, ± radial or strongly 2-lipped (4 upper lobes, 1 lower), tube pouched at base; ovary chambers 2–3
Fruit: berry, generally round
Species in genus: ± 200 species: temp, subtropical North America, Eur, Asia, n Africa
Etymology: (Adam Lonitzer, German herbalist, 16th century)
Reference: [Rehder 1903 Rep Missouri Bot Gard 14:27–231]
2 collections (Del Norte Co., Eldorado Co.) have purplish, apparently sterile, variously distorted flowers with long, slender ovary/hypanthium; probably alien (key 7.).

Native

L. subspicata Hook. & Arn.

Plant generally climbing or reclining on shrubs, 9–24 dm; base woody; herbage glabrous to puberulent
Leaf generally 1–4 cm; blade oblong or ovate, base round or ± tapered, tip round or obtuse; upper pairs not fused around stem
Inflorescence: spike, long, interrupted, often ± glandular-hairy
Flower: corolla 8–12 mm, pale yellow, strongly 2-lipped, often hairy; stamens, style, stigma exserted
Fruit ± 8 mm, red or yellow
Ecology: Chaparral slopes
Elevation: < 1800 m.
Bioregional distribution: n High Sierra Nevada (Butte Co.), Tehachapi Mountain Area, Central Western California, Southwestern California.

Native

var. subspicata


Leaf: blade narrowly elliptic, 3–4 X longer than wide
Ecology: Chaparral
Elevation: < 1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Western Transverse Ranges (Santa Ynez Mtns, Santa Barbara Co.)
Horticultural information: 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for LONICERA%20subspicata%20var.%20subspicata being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Lonicera subspicata var. subspicata
Retrieve dichotomous key for Lonicera
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
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