|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Subshrub, shrub, vine, or small tree
Leaves opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0
Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 15-chambered, style l
Fruit: berry, drupe, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 12 genera, 450 species: especially n temp
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Valerianaceae (and Dispaceae); Sambucus, Viburnum recently treated in Adoxaceae
Shrub, erect or twining
Leaves simple, entire, short-petioled; 12 pairs beneath inflorescence often fused around stem
Inflorescence: spikes, interrupted, at ends of branches, or flowers paired on axillary peduncles and subtended by 02 sets of bracts
Flower: calyx-limb 0 or generally 5-toothed, generally persistent; corolla 5-lobed, ± radial or strongly 2-lipped (4 upper lobes, 1 lower), tube pouched at base; ovary chambers 23
Fruit: berry, generally round
Species in genus: ± 200 species: temp, subtropical North America, Eur, Asia, n Africa
Etymology: (Adam Lonitzer, German herbalist, 16th century)
Reference: [Rehder 1903 Rep Missouri Bot Gard 14:27231]
2 collections (Del Norte Co., Eldorado Co.) have purplish, apparently sterile, variously distorted flowers with long, slender ovary/hypanthium; probably alien (key 7.).
Shrub, erect, 630 dm; herbage with stalked glands, sparsely hairy
Leaf 312 cm; petiole 210 mm; blade elliptic to ovate, base rounded or tapered, tip acute to acuminate
Inflorescence: flowers paired; peduncles 1232 mm, axillary, subtended by conspicuous involucre of 2 pairs of bracts; outer bracts opposite flowers, 712 mm, widely ovate, generally acute; inner bracts 48 mm, alternate flowers, deeply 2-lobed, truncate, densely glandular
Flower: calyx limb 0; corolla 1218 mm, ± cylindric to narrowly bell-shaped, ± yellow, hairy, lobes ± 2 mm, subequal, slightly spreading; ovaries of a flower pair free
Fruit 610 mm, black, in enlarged, purple or red, spreading or reflexed involucre
Ecology: Moist places
Elevation: < 2900 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Sierra Nevada, Central Coast, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, e N.America, Mexico
Plant 1536 dm
Leaf leathery; midribs often somewhat arched
Flower: corolla heavily tinged orange or red outside, tube cylindric; stamens generally included; stigma included or slightly exserted
Ecology: Moist coastal places
Elevation: < 1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Central Coast
Distribution outside California: s Oregon
Horticultural information: IRR or WET: 5, 6, 15, 16, 17, 24 &SHD: 7, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|