Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

CAPPARACEAE

CAPER FAMILY

Staria S. Vanderpool

Annual, shrub, tree, ill-smelling
Leaves generally 1-palmate, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules generally minute, often bristle-like or hairy; leaflets 3–7
Inflorescence: raceme, head, or flowers solitary, generally longer in fruit; bracts generally 3-parted below, simple above, or 0
Flower generally bisexual, radial to ± bilateral; sepals generally 4, free or fused, generally persistent; petals generally 4, free, ± clawed; stamens generally 6, free, exserted, anthers generally coiling at dehiscence; ovary superior, generally on stalk-like receptacle, chamber generally 1, placentas generally 2, parietal, style 1, persistent, stigma generally minute, ± head-like
Fruit: generally capsule, septicidal; valves generally 2, deciduous, leaving septum (frame-like placentas) behind; pedicel generally ± reflexed to spreading
Genera in family: 45 genera, 800 species: widespread tropical to arid temp; some cultivated (Capparis spinosa , caper bush)
Reference: [Ernst 1963 J Arnold Arbor 44:81–93]
CA members placed in subfamily Cleomoideae. Alternate family name: Capparidaceae.

POLANISIA

CLAMMY WEED

Annual, sticky, glandular-hairy
Leaf: leaflets 3–5, oblanceolate to ovate
Inflorescence: raceme, terminal, dense
Flower bilateral; sepals ± free, deciduous; petals generally unequal, obovate, notched at tip, clawed; stamens 8–32, unequal, anthers not coiling; ovary ± sessile, subtended on 1 side by a prominent nectary
Fruit: capsule, dehiscent in upper half; valves persistent; receptacle not stalk-like
Seeds many
Species in genus: 4 species: North America
Etymology: (Greek: many, unequal, from stamens)
Reference: [Iltis 1958 Brittonia 10:33–58]
Taxonomic position problematic.

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