|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual, shrub, tree, ill-smelling
Leaves generally 1-palmate, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules generally minute, often bristle-like or hairy; leaflets 37
Inflorescence: raceme, head, or flowers solitary, generally longer in fruit; bracts generally 3-parted below, simple above, or 0
Flower generally bisexual, radial to ± bilateral; sepals generally 4, free or fused, generally persistent; petals generally 4, free, ± clawed; stamens generally 6, free, exserted, anthers generally coiling at dehiscence; ovary superior, generally on stalk-like receptacle, chamber generally 1, placentas generally 2, parietal, style 1, persistent, stigma generally minute, ± head-like
Fruit: generally capsule, septicidal; valves generally 2, deciduous, leaving septum (frame-like placentas) behind; pedicel generally ± reflexed to spreading
Genera in family: 45 genera, 800 species: widespread tropical to arid temp; some cultivated (Capparis spinosa , caper bush)
Reference: [Ernst 1963 J Arnold Arbor 44:8193]
CA members placed in subfamily Cleomoideae. Alternate family name: Capparidaceae.
Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (Greek: equal part)
Shrub, profusely branched, generally 520 dm, minutely hairy
Leaf: petiole 13 cm; leaflets generally 3, 1545 mm, oblong-elliptic
Inflorescence: raceme, 130 cm, terminal; pedicels 815 mm, thicker in fruit
Flower: sepals fused in basal half, 47 mm, ± entire, green; petals 814 mm, 45 mm wide, sessile, yellow; stamens 1525 mm, yellow, anthers 22.5 mm; style 0.91.2 mm or pistil aborting in bud
Fruit: capsule, tardily dehiscent, 34 cm, inflated, oblong to ± spheric, smooth, leathery, light brown; valves 23; receptacle stalk-like, 12 cm, stout, reflexed
Ecology: Common. Coastal bluffs, hills, desert washes, flats
Elevation: 01300 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Tehachapi Mountain Area, San Joaquin Valley, Central Coast, South Coast, Channel Islands, Desert
Distribution outside California: to Baja California
Flowering time: Most of year
Synonyms: Cleome isomeris Greene
Varieties angustata Parish, globosa Coville , insularis Jeps. have been recognized based on fruit variation that may be loosely correlated with geography
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN, DRY: 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; IRR: 12, 13; STBL.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|