Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Annual, perennial herb, from taproot, fibrous roots, or rhizome, glabrous to densely hairy
Stem reclining or erect, branched, 5–150 cm, 4-angled
Leaves cauline, sometimes also basal, generally lanceolate to ovate, thin, fleshy, or leathery, entire to toothed, sessile or petioled
Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary, terminal or axillary
Flower: corolla cylindric to funnel- or bell-shaped, white to deep blue, lobes linear to triangular; ovary inferior, hemispheric to obconic
Fruit dehiscing by 2–3 lateral pores
Seeds 2 mm, oblong
Species in genus: ± 300 species: n hemisphere; many cultivated, some medicinal
Etymology: (Latin: little bell, from corolla shape)
Reference: [Morin 1980 Madroño 27:149–163]


N. capillaris Greene

Stems stiffly ascending, 7–18 cm; base brownish or purplish
Leaf 3–15 mm, ovate, narrowed abruptly to short petiole, entire, glabrous or hairy
Inflorescence: axis zigzag, especially in fruit; bracts 1–3 mm, lanceolate to elliptic; pedicels 8–12 mm, 0.1–0.15 mm diam, spreading, straight or slightly curved, tip not curved
Flower: hypanthium ± 1 mm; sepals ± 0.5 mm, elliptic to lanceolate, erect; corolla 0.7–1.3 mm, divided ± to base, white, glabrous; filament tube ± 1 mm, tip slightly curved, glabrous, anthers 0.1–0.2 mm
Fruit 1.5–2.5 mm, obconic (base acute, tip rounded)
Seed 0.5–0.7 mm, widely elliptic, narrowly ridged
Chromosomes: n=9
Ecology: Dry slopes, burned areas
Elevation: 400–2100 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, High Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau, Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: Oregon
Flowering time: May–Jul


N. glanduliferus Jeps.

Stems stiffly ascending, 5–25 cm; base brownish or purplish
Leaf 3–16 mm, oblanceolate to elliptic, narrowed gradually to petiole, toothed or pinnately lobed, hairy
Inflorescence: axis strongly zigzag; bracts 1–3 mm, spreading, linear to ovate; pedicels 6–16 mm, 0.1–0.2 mm diam, spreading, straight or slightly curved, tip generally curved
Flower: hypanthium ± 1 mm; sepals 1.5–2.5 mm, linear-elliptic to ± deltate, spreading; corolla 2–2.5 mm, divided ± to base, white, upper lobes erect, lower lobes ciliate; filament tube 1–2.3 mm, tip slightly curved, glabrous, anthers 0.2–0.4 mm
Fruit ± 2–4 mm, ± hemispheric (base and tip rounded)
Seed ± 0.5 mm, cylindric; surface with impressed, vertical lines crossed by fine transverse lines
Ecology: Dry slopes, sandy soils, washes
Elevation: < 2400 m.
Bioregional distribution: East of Sierra Nevada, Desert
Distribution outside California: to Utah, New Mexico, Baja California

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