Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Annual, perennial herb, from taproot, fibrous roots, or rhizome, glabrous to densely hairy
Stem reclining or erect, branched, 5–150 cm, 4-angled
Leaves cauline, sometimes also basal, generally lanceolate to ovate, thin, fleshy, or leathery, entire to toothed, sessile or petioled
Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary, terminal or axillary
Flower: corolla cylindric to funnel- or bell-shaped, white to deep blue, lobes linear to triangular; ovary inferior, hemispheric to obconic
Fruit dehiscing by 2–3 lateral pores
Seeds 2 mm, oblong
Species in genus: ± 300 species: n hemisphere; many cultivated, some medicinal
Etymology: (Latin: little bell, from corolla shape)
Reference: [Morin 1980 Madroño 27:149–163]


D. bacigalupii Weiler

Flower: corolla 5–18 mm, lateral sinuses >> upper, lower lobes ovate, obtuse, abruptly toothed, blue with 2 oblong, orange-yellow spots in central white field; anthers ± 90° to filaments; ovary 1-chambered, placentas parietal
Fruit (15)25–45(55) mm; lateral walls papery, easily ruptured when dry, dehiscent along translucent lines
Seed longitudinally striate
Chromosomes: n=12
Ecology: Vernal pools, wet ditches, grassy meadows
Elevation: 100–2300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Cascade Range, n High Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to s Oregon, sw Idaho
Horticultural information: TRY.


D. insignis Greene

Flower: corolla 9–15 mm, glabrous, lateral sinuses > upper, lower lip bright blue with prominent dark blue veins, central white field including near throat 2 yellow, ovate spots and a dark purple band or 3 distinct spots, lower lobes ovate, obtuse, abruptly toothed; anthers ± 90° to filaments; ovary 2-chambered, placentas axile
Fruit (25)45–80 mm; lateral walls tough, tardily dehiscent with no evident translucent lines
Seed longitudinally striate
Chromosomes: n=11
Ecology: Vernal pools, roadside ditches, lake margins
Elevation: < 1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: n High Sierra Nevada, c Great Central Valley (Glenn to Stanislaus cos.), Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: w Nevada
Horticultural information: TRY.

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