Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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CAMPANULA

HAREBELL

Annual, perennial herb, from taproot, fibrous roots, or rhizome, glabrous to densely hairy
Stem reclining or erect, branched, 5–150 cm, 4-angled
Leaves cauline, sometimes also basal, generally lanceolate to ovate, thin, fleshy, or leathery, entire to toothed, sessile or petioled
Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary, terminal or axillary
Flower: corolla cylindric to funnel- or bell-shaped, white to deep blue, lobes linear to triangular; ovary inferior, hemispheric to obconic
Fruit dehiscing by 2–3 lateral pores
Seeds 2 mm, oblong
Species in genus: ± 300 species: n hemisphere; many cultivated, some medicinal
Etymology: (Latin: little bell, from corolla shape)
Reference: [Morin 1980 Madroño 27:149–163]

Native

D. bacigalupii Weiler


Flower: corolla 5–18 mm, lateral sinuses >> upper, lower lobes ovate, obtuse, abruptly toothed, blue with 2 oblong, orange-yellow spots in central white field; anthers ± 90° to filaments; ovary 1-chambered, placentas parietal
Fruit (15)25–45(55) mm; lateral walls papery, easily ruptured when dry, dehiscent along translucent lines
Seed longitudinally striate
Chromosomes: n=12
Ecology: Vernal pools, wet ditches, grassy meadows
Elevation: 100–2300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Cascade Range, n High Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to s Oregon, sw Idaho
Horticultural information: TRY.

Native

D. insignis Greene


Flower: corolla 9–15 mm, glabrous, lateral sinuses > upper, lower lip bright blue with prominent dark blue veins, central white field including near throat 2 yellow, ovate spots and a dark purple band or 3 distinct spots, lower lobes ovate, obtuse, abruptly toothed; anthers ± 90° to filaments; ovary 2-chambered, placentas axile
Fruit (25)45–80 mm; lateral walls tough, tardily dehiscent with no evident translucent lines
Seed longitudinally striate
Chromosomes: n=11
Ecology: Vernal pools, roadside ditches, lake margins
Elevation: < 1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: n High Sierra Nevada, c Great Central Valley (Glenn to Stanislaus cos.), Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: w Nevada
Horticultural information: TRY.

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