Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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Nancy Morin, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0
Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers solitary in axils, generally open; bracts leaf-like or not
Flower: bisexual, radial or bilateral, sometimes inverted (pedicel twisted 180°; hypanthium generally present, ± fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, generally fused (tube sometimes split down back), lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or ± fused (anthers and filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior, sometimes half inferior, chambers 1–3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2–5-branched
Fruit: generally capsule, dehiscing on sides or at tip by pores or short valves
Seeds many
Genera in family: ± 70 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide. Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia ). Subfamilies sometimes treated as different families.


Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (brothers Samuel B. (1838–1928) & William F. Parish, botanical collectors)


P. californica A. Gray

Annual, glabrous to hairy
Stems branched from base, reclining, 1–10 cm
Leaves: basal rosette, persistent; petiole < 7 mm; blade 6–15 mm, 2–5 mm wide, oblanceolate, leathery, tip rounded, margin narrowly translucent
Inflorescence: clusters head-like, terminal; bracts oblanceolate, spreading to erect; pedicels in fruit 2–5 mm
Flower not inverted; hypanthium ± 3.5 mm; sepals 2–6 mm, oblanceolate; corolla white, tube 2–3 mm, flaring, lobes 5, 1–1.5 mm, subequal, oblong; filaments 2.5–3.5 mm, free at base, fused above middle, anthers equal, ± round, lower 4 appendaged at junction with tube, upper not; appendages rod-like, minute, translucent; ovary ± 2-chambered, stigma head-like, smooth
Fruit 3–3.5 mm, 2–3 mm wide; top dome-like, circumscissile
Seed ± 0.7 mm, elliptic; surface with 8–10 vertical, pitted rows, pits 10–12 per row
Ecology: Sandy or gravelly soils
Elevation: 650–1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: se Outer South Coast Ranges, s Inner South Coast Ranges (Caliente Range), Mojave Desert (San Bernardino Co.)
Flowering time: Apr–May

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bioregional map for PARISHELLA%20californica being generated
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Parishella californica
Retrieve dichotomous key for Parishella
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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