|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0
Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers solitary in axils, generally open; bracts leaf-like or not
Flower: bisexual, radial or bilateral, sometimes inverted (pedicel twisted 180°; hypanthium generally present, ± fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, generally fused (tube sometimes split down back), lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or ± fused (anthers and filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior, sometimes half inferior, chambers 13, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 25-branched
Fruit: generally capsule, dehiscing on sides or at tip by pores or short valves
Genera in family: ± 70 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide. Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia ). Subfamilies sometimes treated as different families.
Annual, glabrous to hairy; roots fibrous
Stem erect, simple or branched, 240 cm, 4-angled
Leaves cauline, widely linear to ovate, serrate, sessile
Inflorescence: flowers generally solitary, terminal
Flower pedicelled or not; sepals 0.53 X ovary, linear to narrowly triangular; corolla cylindric, funnel-, or bell-shaped, throat white, lobes linear to widely ovate, white to deep purple; ovary inferior, obconic to cylindric and narrowed near middle
Fruit dehiscing at top, through opening formed when style base falls off
Seeds ± 1 mm, angular-fusiform
Species in genus: 4 species: w North America
Etymology: (Greek: Githago -like)
Reference: [Morin 1983 Syst Bot 8:436468]
Plant glabrous to hairy
Stem erect, 440 cm
Leaf 320 mm; bracts 215 mm, 230 mm apart, lanceolate
Flower: pedicel 010 mm; sepals 2 X ovary; corolla 724 mm, 11.5 X longer than wide at level of sinuses, narrowly to widely bell-shaped, lobes < to > tube, light violet to deep blue; filament bases wide, ciliate; ovary 2.510.5 mm, cylindric to obconic, 25 X longer than wide at top, base long-tapered, top round, ribs 10, equal, style 412 mm, upper 6690% papillate
Ecology: Oak woodland
Elevation: 301300 m.
Bioregional distribution: High Cascade Range, n&c Sierra Nevada.
Stem 1040 cm; upper branches 3.26 cm or longer
Leaf 718 mm; bracts 513 mm apart
Flower: pedicel 07 mm; corolla 1024 mm, 714 mm wide at sinuses, widely bell-shaped, lobes 519 mm, deep blue; ovary 5.510.5 mm, cylindric to narrowly obconic, glabrous to finely hairy, deeply ribbed in fruit, style 512 mm, 0.51 mm wide, upper 7590% papillate
Ecology: Grassy openings
Elevation: 301300 m.
Bioregional distribution: n&c Sierra Nevada.Glabrous plants on serpentine outcrops are var. glabra (Jeps.) N. Morin
Horticultural information: TRY.