Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Nancy Morin, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0
Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers solitary in axils, generally open; bracts leaf-like or not
Flower: bisexual, radial or bilateral, sometimes inverted (pedicel twisted 180°; hypanthium generally present, ± fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, generally fused (tube sometimes split down back), lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or ± fused (anthers and filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior, sometimes half inferior, chambers 1–3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2–5-branched
Fruit: generally capsule, dehiscing on sides or at tip by pores or short valves
Seeds many
Genera in family: ± 70 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide. Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia ). Subfamilies sometimes treated as different families.



Annual, glabrous to hairy; roots fibrous
Stem erect, simple or branched, 2–40 cm, 4-angled
Leaves cauline, widely linear to ovate, serrate, sessile
Inflorescence: flowers generally solitary, terminal
Flower pedicelled or not; sepals 0.5–3 X ovary, linear to narrowly triangular; corolla cylindric, funnel-, or bell-shaped, throat white, lobes linear to widely ovate, white to deep purple; ovary inferior, obconic to cylindric and narrowed near middle
Fruit dehiscing at top, through opening formed when style base falls off
Seeds ± 1 mm, angular-fusiform
Species in genus: 4 species: w North America
Etymology: (Greek: Githago -like)
Reference: [Morin 1983 Syst Bot 8:436–468]


G. diffusa A. Gray

Plant glabrous to hairy
Stem clambering to erect, 2–30 cm
Leaf 3–15 mm; bracts 2.5–10 mm, linear or oblanceolate, < 5 mm apart
Flower: pedicel 0; sepals 1.5–2 X hypanthium; corolla 1.5–7.5 mm, 2.5–4.5 X longer than wide at level of sinuses, narrowly funnel-shaped, lobes = or < ovary, white to deep blue; filament bases narrow, glabrous; ovary 4–9 mm, cylindric to obconic, 2–6.5 X longer than wide at top, narrowed near middle, base swollen, ribs 10, those ending at sinuses narrower, style 2–4.5 mm, upper 35–75% papillate
Chromosomes: n=10,20
Ecology: Shade or open areas
Elevation: 50–2000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range Foothills, Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges, n Channel Islands, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: Baja California


subsp. filicaulis (Ewan) N. Morin


Stem decumbent, 8–25 cm; upper 0.2–0.4 mm wide
Leaf 3–10 mm; bract 1–5 mm
Flower: corolla 1.5–5 mm, funnel-shaped, lobes 0.7–2.5 mm, white or pale blue; ovary 3–4 X longer than wide at top
Chromosomes: n=10
Ecology: Moist or disturbed areas
Elevation: 450–700 m.
Bioregional distribution: Peninsular Ranges (San Diego, Riverside cos.)
Synonyms: G. f. Ewan
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for GITHOPSIS%20diffusa%20subsp.%20filicaulis being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Githopsis diffusa subsp. filicaulis
Retrieve dichotomous key for Githopsis
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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