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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Nancy Morin, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0
Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers solitary in axils, generally open; bracts leaf-like or not
Flower: bisexual, radial or bilateral, sometimes inverted (pedicel twisted 180°; hypanthium generally present, ± fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, generally fused (tube sometimes split down back), lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or ± fused (anthers and filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior, sometimes half inferior, chambers 1–3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2–5-branched
Fruit: generally capsule, dehiscing on sides or at tip by pores or short valves
Seeds many
Genera in family: ± 70 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide. Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia ). Subfamilies sometimes treated as different families.



Annual, perennial herb, from taproot, fibrous roots, or rhizome, glabrous to densely hairy
Stem reclining or erect, branched, 5–150 cm, 4-angled
Leaves cauline, sometimes also basal, generally lanceolate to ovate, thin, fleshy, or leathery, entire to toothed, sessile or petioled
Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary, terminal or axillary
Flower: corolla cylindric to funnel- or bell-shaped, white to deep blue, lobes linear to triangular; ovary inferior, hemispheric to obconic
Fruit dehiscing by 2–3 lateral pores
Seeds 2 mm, oblong
Species in genus: ± 300 species: n hemisphere; many cultivated, some medicinal
Etymology: (Latin: little bell, from corolla shape)
Reference: [Morin 1980 Madroño 27:149–163]


C. scouleri A. DC


Perennial, glabrous to short-hairy; rhizome slender
Stem reclining to erect, 20–30 cm
Leaf 10–60 mm, widely lanceolate to ± round, thin to leathery, serrate; petiole 1–2 cm, winged
Flower: pedicel 5–20 mm; sepals spreading; corolla 8–15 mm, widely bell-shaped, pale blue, lobes reflexed; stamens 4–6 mm, bases ciliate; ovary 3 mm, hemispheric to obconic, style 12–15 mm, straight, blue, upper 20–40% papillate
Fruit obconic, weakly ribbed; pores near middle
Seed 2 mm, oblong
Ecology: Shaded woods, streamsides
Elevation: 400–1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, n Outer North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range (Mount Shasta, Lassen Peak)
Distribution outside California: to Alaska
Old collections also from n SN (n Butte, w Sierra cos.)
Horticultural information: 4, 5 IRR: 6, 15, 16, 17 &SHD: 1, 7, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; DFCLT.

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