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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

CAMPANULACEAE

BELLFLOWER FAMILY

Nancy Morin, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0
Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers solitary in axils, generally open; bracts leaf-like or not
Flower: bisexual, radial or bilateral, sometimes inverted (pedicel twisted 180°; hypanthium generally present, ± fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, generally fused (tube sometimes split down back), lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or ± fused (anthers and filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior, sometimes half inferior, chambers 1–3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2–5-branched
Fruit: generally capsule, dehiscing on sides or at tip by pores or short valves
Seeds many
Genera in family: ± 70 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide. Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia ). Subfamilies sometimes treated as different families.

CAMPANULA

HAREBELL

Annual, perennial herb, from taproot, fibrous roots, or rhizome, glabrous to densely hairy
Stem reclining or erect, branched, 5–150 cm, 4-angled
Leaves cauline, sometimes also basal, generally lanceolate to ovate, thin, fleshy, or leathery, entire to toothed, sessile or petioled
Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary, terminal or axillary
Flower: corolla cylindric to funnel- or bell-shaped, white to deep blue, lobes linear to triangular; ovary inferior, hemispheric to obconic
Fruit dehiscing by 2–3 lateral pores
Seeds 2 mm, oblong
Species in genus: ± 300 species: n hemisphere; many cultivated, some medicinal
Etymology: (Latin: little bell, from corolla shape)
Reference: [Morin 1980 Madroño 27:149–163]

Native

C. prenanthoides Durand

Perennial, ± sturdy, taprooted, glabrous to short-hairy
Stem reclining to erect, 20–150 cm
Leaf 10–60 mm, lanceolate to ovate, thin to leathery, serrate; petiole generally < 5 mm
Flower: pedicel 2–6(20) mm; sepals spreading; corolla 7–14 mm, cylindric to bell-shaped, bright blue, lobes erect in lower half, reflexed in upper; stamens 6 mm, bases ciliate; ovary 2.5–5 mm, hemispheric, style 15–18 mm, sometimes curved, blue, upper 55% papillate
Fruit hemispheric; base cordate, strongly ribbed; pores at or below middle
Seed 2 mm, oblong
Chromosomes: n=16,17
Ecology: Montane, redwood forests
Elevation: 50–2000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, High Cascade Range, w-n&c Sierra Nevada, w San Francisco Bay Area, n Outer South Coast Ranges
Distribution outside California: Oregon
Plants with large leaves scattered in NW and especially n SN
Recent taxonomic note: Asyneuma prenanthoides (Durand) McVaugh
Horticultural information: DRN: 4, 5 &SHD: 6 &IRR: 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 22, 23, 24.

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bioregional map for CAMPANULA%20prenanthoides being generated
 


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